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Special LEN Supplement A publication of John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY April 30, 2002

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  • Directory of Publishers

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    Drugs

    Jacobs, Bruce A. (2000). ROBBING DRUG DEALERS: VIOLENCE BEYOND THE LAW. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, ISBN: 0202306488
         The notion that violence is something that happens only to law-abiding citizens is both widely held and inaccurate. The disproportionate share of victims of crime are, in reality, themselves involved in crime. Yet existing scholarship has failed to explore the contingencies that mediate offenses like drug robbery—from the forces that inspire it, to the methods used to select targets, to the means employed to generate compliance, down to the tactics used to thwart retaliatory attempts after the crime has ended. Given that predatory behavior between and among offenders ultimately spreads to society at large (the “contagion effect”), a research gap of striking proportions has emerged. The imprudence of robbing other criminals is widely assumed. Yet criminologists paradoxically observe that a major benefit of robbing fellow criminals is that they cannot report the offense to the authorities. Why, then, should offenders elect to reduce their odds of getting arrested at the cost of enhancing their chances of getting killed? Drawing on candid interviews with the perpetrators, Jacobs attempts to answer such questions and fill this gap in the research agenda of criminology. The result is a narrative that explores the world of street corner drugs from the vantage point of those who actually commit these high-risk crimes. (From the publisher)

    Drugs

    Lynch, Timothy (ed.) (2000). AFTER PROHIBITION: AN ADULT APPROACH TO DRUG POLICIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY. Washington, D.C.: Cato Institute, ISBN: 1882577930
         This collection of papers is a revision of papers presented at a 1999 conference, “Beyond Prohibition: An Adult Approach to Drug Policies in the 21st Century,” held at the CATO Institute in Washington, DC. In Part I, Milton Friedman provides an introduction to the 12 papers that examine the legalization of drugs in the U.S. Part II discusses the U.S. Constitution and the drug war, while papers in Part III examine law enforcement perspectives on the failure of drug prohibition. The political and social effects of the drug war are examined in Part IV. Part V presents a debate on the legalization of drugs in the U.S. (Criminal Justice Abstracts)

    Manski, Charles F.; Pepper, John and Petrie, Carol (2001). INFORMING AMERICA’S POLICY ON ILLEGAL DRUGS: WHAT WE DON’T KNOW KEEPS HURTING US. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, ISBN: 0309072735
         How should the war on drugs be fought? Everyone seems to agree that the United States ought to use a combination of several different approaches to combat the destructive effects of illegal drug use. Yet there is a remarkable paucity of data and research information that policy makers require if they are to create a useful, realistic policy package-details about drug use, drug market economics, and perhaps most importantly the impact of drug enforcement activities. The committee reviews what we do and do not know about illegal drugs and how data are assembled and used by federal agencies. The book explores the data and research information needed to support strong drug policy analysis, describes the best methods to use, explains how to avoid misleading conclusions, and outlines strategies for increasing access to data. (Editors of barnesandnoble.com)

    MacCoun, Robert J. and Reuter, Peter (2001). DRUG WAR HERESIES: LEARNING FROM OTHER VICES, TIMES, AND PLACES. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 052179997X
         This book provides the first multidisciplinary and nonpartisan analysis of how the United States should decide on the legal status of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana. It draws on data about the experiences of Western European nations with less punitive drug policies as well as new analyses of America’s experience with legal cocaine and heroin a century ago and of America’s efforts to regulate gambling, prostitution, alcohol, and cigarettes. The book presents a sophisticated discussion on how society should deal with the uncertainty about the consequences of legal change. (From the publisher)


    Science / Criminalistics

    Boylan, Jeanne (2000). PORTRAITS OF GUILT: THE WOMAN WHO PROFILES THE FACES OF AMERICA’S DEADLIEST CRIMINALS. New York: Pocket Star Books, ISBN: 0671034855
         Inside the investigations of the deadly crimes that have shocked our nation—the Polly Klaas kidnapping, Susan Smith’s drownings of her own children, the Oklahoma City bombing—one woman is the investigative world’s secret weapon. You’ve seen her work: it was her composite sketch that revealed the face of the Unabomber, her hand that put a profile on Oklahoma City’s John Doe II, her “dead ringers” that led to resolutions of those and other cases. Now Jeanne Boylan, the gifted forensic artist, whose beauty and compassion make her one of the most fascinating crusaders in the war against crime, tells her own riveting and deeply personal story. (From the publisher)

    Castleman, Terry L. (2000). DEATH INVESTIGATION: A HANDBOOK FOR POLICE OFFICERS. Springfield, Ill.: C.C. Thomas, ISBN: 0398071047
         The handbook defines the role of the police death investigator, and it contains the various aspects of death as well as the many causes of death. The book is broken down into two distinct sections—one for in-depth reading and the other as a quick reference section for review. Specific topics that are covered are: establishing time of death by postmortem changes after death, drowning, gunshot wounds, cutting and stabbing wounds, asphyxia, lightning and traffic crash-related deaths. Also included in the handbook are sections on crime scenes and the use of such evidence as bloodspatter and fly larvae. Additionally, the book provides information about the use of hypnosis and psychics in major case investigations. A comprehensive glossary is also included. (From the publisher)

    Dix, Jay (2000). MURDER IN THE HEARTLAND. Columbia, Mo.: AIS, ISBN: 0966342232.
         Written by a board-certified forensic pathologist, who has been performing autopsies and death scene investigations for over 20 years, this book describes four murder cases that occurred in central Missouri. Each case is based on actual police reports, court documents, and autopsy results. Investigations are followed from the time the victim was noticed missing or the body was discovered to the final verdict. The book contains many photographs of bodies, scenes, and investigations.

    Dix, Jay and Graham, Michael (2000). TIME OF DEATH, DECOMPOSITION AND IDENTIFICATION: AN ATLAS. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, ISBN: 0849323673
         The first volume in the new Causes of Death Atlas Series, this book takes an in-depth look at the determination of the time of death, postmortem changes, and identification. In Time of Death, Decomposition and Identification, you’ll learn through the extensive use of photographs and discussion how estimating the time of death can rarely be accomplished with scientific accuracy. You’ll learn about the numerous changes the body undergoes after death, and how positive and probable identifications are made. (From the publisher) [Other titles in the Causes of Death Atlas Series are: ASPHYXIA AND DROWNING: AN ATLAS (ISBN: 084932369X) and INVESTIGATION OF ROAD TRAFFIC FATALITIES: AN ATLAS (ISBN: 0849323681)]

    Haglund, William D. and Sorg, Marcella H. (2001). ADVANCES IN FORENSIC TAPHONOMY: METHOD, THEORY, AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES. New York: CRC Press, ISBN: 0849311896
         The taphonomic approach within paleontology, archaeology, and paleoanthropology continues to produce advances in understanding postmortem biochemical and morphological transformations. Conversely, advances in understanding the early and intermediate postmortem period generated in the forensic realm can and should be brought to the attention of scientists who study the historic and prehistoric past. The book expands the taphonomic focus on biogeographic context and microenvironments and integrates further the theoretical and methodological links with archaeology and paleontology. This comprehensive text takes an interdisciplinary and international approach to understanding taphonomic modifications. Liberally illustrated with photographs, maps, and other images. (Editors of amazon.com)

    Kleiner, Murray (2001). HANDBOOK OF POLYGRAPH TESTING. San Diego, Calif.: Academic, ISBN: 0124137407
         This handbook examines the fundamental principles behind lie detector tests, and provides an up-to-date review of their validity. The editor presents current psychological theories, including an explanation of the cognitive processes central to polygraph testing. The book describes the various methods of testing, the research in support of each method, and special issues in polygraph research. The handbook helps readers interpret existing research studies, and learn how to improve the accuracy of polygraph testing and analysis. (Editors of amazon.com)

    Lee, Henry C.; Palmbach, Timothy M. and Miller, Marilyn T. (2001). HENRY LEE’S CRIME SCENE HANDBOOK. New York: Academic Press, ISBN: 0124408303
         Henry Lee is the most widely recognized crime scene expert in the world. He has consulted on hundreds of prominent cases including the O.J. Simpson trial, and he and his co-authors have more than 50 years of combined forensic experience. They have developed this essential, hands-on guide that covers in detail how to manage a crime scene, collect information, search for, collect and preserve physical evidence, conduct field tests, and reconstruct the sequence of events. It outlines the latest chemical and instrumental techniques, covers new topics, and shows how to overcome the most commonly encountered problems. It also includes numerous checklists and worksheets, logic trees to help evaluate the evidence, and useful appendices including lists of crime scene equipment and manufacturers, reagent recipes, and references. (From the publisher)

    Nordby, Jon J. (2000). DEAD RECKONING: THE ART OF FORENSIC DETECTION. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, ISBN: 0849381223
         Nordby examines the applications of logic and science to decipher chaotic death scenes and difficult cases, and to derive orderly explanations from their jumbled clues. The ten case studies (both historical and contemporary) exhibit the logical methods of the forensic sciences, forensic medicine, and detection in specific contexts facing specific challenges. The first- hand accounts of the investigations are very accessible, and furnish enough medical detail to hold the interest of murder and mystery buffs. (booknews.com)

    Rebmann, Andrew J., et al. (2000). CADAVER DOG HANDBOOK FORENSIC TRAINING AND TACTICS FOR THE RECOVERY OF HUMAN REMAINS. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, ISBN: 0849318866
         Sets out the principles and procedures for training and handling dogs during the search for human remains, explaining scent theory and its applications, basic training and searching strategies, and the legal and taphonomic (decomposition and fossilization) issues associated with dog searches. Also covers the use of technical location devices, mapping aids, remote sensing techniques, water searches, and decomposition processes. (booknews.com)

    Sachs, Jessica Snyder (2001). CORPSE: NATURE, FORENSICS, AND THE STRUGGLE TO PINPOINT THE TIME OF DEATH.Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Publishing, ISBN: 073820336X
         Placing the time of death is very important in homicide investigations and in identifying decayed remains. Yet the exact measure of time of death has challenged people for the past 2000 years. The newly evolving multidisciplinary field of forensic ecology looks for ways to measure the time of death more accurately. Sachs, a freelance health and science writer, details the intricacies of human decay as it relates to deducing a time of death from a corpse. After reviewing the history of forensic pathology and the tradition of accurately or not so accurately placing the time of death, she explains the current state of the art. In particular, she concentrates on the use of clues such as maggots, plants, and pollens in and around the body to aid in the process. (From Library Journal)

    Taylor, Karen T. (2001) FORENSIC ART AND ILLUSTRATION. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press, ISBN: 0849381185
         As the number of stranger-on-stranger crimes increases, solving these crimes becomes more challenging. Forensic illustration has become increasingly important as a tool in identifying both perpetrators and victims. This is the first book to provide complete coverage of all aspects of the field, and includes much previously unavailable information. Beginning with the first-ever in-depth documentation of the history of forensic art, this book proceeds logically through explanations of facial anatomy, practical methodologies and techniques, case examples, and a glossary of terms. Numerous successful examples, taken from actual solved cases, demonstrate applications of the methods and techniques presented. (From the publisher)