Law Enforcement News

Special LEN Supplement A publication of John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY April 30, 2002

[LEN Home] - [Masthead] - [Past Issues] SUBSCRIBE

Books by Topic
  • Administration, Management & Supervision

  • Community- & Problem-Oriented Policing

  • Corporate & White-Collar Crime

  • Crime: General

  • Criminology

  • Cyber-Crime

  • Drugs

  • Forensic Science/Criminalistics

  • Gangs

  • History/Biography

  • International/Comparative Policing

  • Integrity/Oversight

  • Juvenile Crime & Delinquency

  • Miscellaneous

  • Organized Crime

  • Police Brutality & Misconduct

  • Police Culture

  • Profiling

  • Recruitment, Training & Education

  • Sex Crimes

  • Strategies & Tactics

  • Technology

  • Terrorism/Extremism

  • Violence

  • Weapons/Equipment

  • Directory of Publishers

  •  
    Recruitment, Training & Education

    Charles, Michael T. (2000). POLICE TRAINING-BREAKING ALL THE RULES: IMPLEMENTING THE ADULT EDUCATION MODEL INTO POLICE TRAINING. Springfield, Ill.: C.C. Thomas Publisher, ISBN: 0398070989
         In his capacity as researcher and director of the Police Training Institute at the University of Illinois, Michael T. Charles undertook the difficult task of making needed changes to the police training academy curriculum. The book gives the reader an overview of the history of police training in Illinois and follows with a description of the organizational and cultural changes that he helped to bring about. These include discussions of changes in areas such as teaching method, discipline and fitness training. Instructional personnel and staff were key to the process of changing the institute and its culture. (amazon.com)

    Haberfeld, M.R. (2002). CRITICAL ISSUES IN POLICE TRAINING. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130837091
         This book is an ambitious effort to review, assess and offer suggestions for improving police and public safety training. Its 15 chapters attempt to dissect contemporary training in the United States, providing a critical view of contemporary practice and prescriptions for more effective training programs. Insightful observations and thought-provoking nuggets are scattered throughout the book, which cause the reader to reflect systematically on the current state of police training. The book is as much an argument for reform in police training as it is a primer on the current state of the art. Haberfeld has a vision of professional policing and the training requirements of American police into the next century that informs her selection of topics and coverage of issues. (Law Enforcement News)

    Kaminsky, Glenn F. (2002). THE FIELD TRAINING CONCEPT IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130177873
         The justice system is the focus of public scrutiny, more so today than ever before. It is imperative that only the competent are retained, that training be comprehensive and job-related, that evaluations be objective, and that an effective learning environment be created! It is equally important that training and evaluation programs follow a path required by the court and EEOC Guidelines, as demonstrated in this book. (From the publisher)

    LeCuyer, John (2001). DESIGNING THE FITNESS PROGRAM: A GUIDE FOR PUBLIC SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS. Saddle Brook, NJ: Fire Engineering, ISBN: 0912212926
         Public safety work is arduous, and the link between fitness and job performance has been well established by research. The author examines the physical demands of public safety work and provides practical approach to program development. His unique, thought-provoking analysis of occupations and testing will help organizations avoid many of the pitfalls associated with modern labor laws, while providing an invaluable resource for physicians, physical and occupational therapists, researchers, human resource managers, and attorneys working with public safety personnel. For the program manager, a design matrix is provided that will enable the institution of an effective program in any department, regardless of size of available resources. (From the publisher)


    Sex Crimes

    Flowers, Ronald B. (2001). SEX CRIMES, PREDATORS, PERPETRATORS, PROSTITUTES, AND VICTIMS: AN EXAMINATION OF SEXUAL CRIMINALITY AND VICTIMIZATION. Springfield, Ill.: C.C. Thomas, ISBN: 0398071268
         This book joins a growing body of research that, in recent years, has focused on the study of sex crimes and their dynamics apart from general crimes. However, unlike most such literature that often explores specific types of predatory sex-related crimes such as incest or rape, or sexual exploitative crimes such as prostitution and child pornography, this book studies the broad range of sex crimes as both a distinct classification of crime and as individual sex offenses. It examines in depth sexual criminality, its nature, characteristics, dimensions, and ramifications in American society. Within this context, the book will address both recognized and little-known sex crimes, the magnitude of such crimes, sex offenders and victims, theories on sexual criminality and sex criminals and the criminal justice system. The purpose of this book is to bridge the gap of existing works on sexual criminality, examine the relevant issues and dimensions of sex crimes, criminals, and victims, and shed new light on the study and implications of sex-related criminal behavior. (From the publisher)

    Harvey, Philip D. (2001) THE GOVERNMENT VS. EROTICA. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, ISBN: 157392881X
         Harvey traces the various prosecutions (beginning in 1986) of his company, Adam & Eve, which started as a mail-order supplier of condoms, then branched into the distribution of adult films and sexual paraphernalia. This expansion may have been a mistake, since Adam & Eve was headquartered in North Carolina, and the Supreme Court had established that a jury must apply contemporary community standards when determining whether an item was obscene. Fortunately, Harvey obtained excellent legal help and ultimately prevailed, though at great cost. Although presented from the defendant’s point of view, the account of the political and legal landscape behind these prosecutions is fair. (From Publishers Weekly)

    Jenkins, Philip (2001). BEYOND TOLERANCE: CHILD PORNOGRAPHY ON THE INTERNET. New York: New York University Press, ISBN:0814742629
         Politicians, media and law enforcement have “massively over-responded” to “quite innocuous” adult sexual material on the Internet, argues historian Jenkins, while doing far too little to stamp out pernicious and prevalent child porn, such as pictures of four- and five-year-old girls sexually servicing men. Even anti-porn activists who target specific pedophilic Web sites are wrongheaded; the problem is international, Jenkins charges in this important wake-up call, with pictures posted on short-lived sites known only to a computer-savvy subculture that sidesteps the strictures of countries that condemn the material. Jenkins accessed the news groups and “pedo-boards” where regular users communicated, drawing on their descriptions of the material they consumed, and using a feature on his computer that prevented images from downloading. His reading of the various online discourses suggests that child porn users like some other deviant subgroups share a conventional morality, which suggests that many might be deterred by more effective law enforcement. Currently, policing focuses on child porn users, without striking against the suppliers at the core of the subculture. Thus, he calls not for increased punishment for users but for a prohibition of newsgroups and bulletin boards. (From Publishers Weekly)

    Danger: Registered Sex Offender Lives Here

    Lane, Frederick S. (2000). OBSCENE PROFITS: THE ENTREPRENEURS OF PORNOGRAPHY IN THE CYBER AGE. New York: Routledge, ISBN: 0415920965
         Lane offers a fascinating and informative look at the business of pornography and the boost it has gotten from technology. Telephones, VCRs, computers, and, especially, the Internet have increased privacy and reduced the potential for public embarrassment and prosecution from existing pornography laws. Web sites featuring sexual material are the only ones consistently making money, generating more than a billion dollars in revenue annually. Lane looks back on the history of pornography for fun and profit, from early fetishes found in archaeological digs to Ben Franklin’s little-known contributions to current video games that titillate with sex and violence. He examines legislative efforts and court rulings to control and restrict trafficking in pornography. But the economic opportunities in pornography, Lane concludes, invite entrepreneurs to become the electronic equivalents of Hugh Hefner and Larry Flynt. (From the Booklist)

    Weitzer, Ronald (ed.) (2000). SEX FOR SALE: PROSTITUTION, PORNOGRAPHY, AND THE SEX INDUSTRY. New York: Routledge, ISBN: 041592295X
         A major contribution to our understanding of the sex industry, “Sex for Sale” is a collection of original essays on sex work, its risks, and its political implications. Covering areas not commonly researched, the book includes studies on telephone sex workers, gay pornography, Nevada’s legal brothels, prostitute’s customers, police vice squads, actors in the porn industry, lap dancing in strip clubs, and street prostitution. It includes discussion of violence, HIV infection, and drug addiction, as well as legalization, commercialization and criminalization. A unique addition to the literature, examining all sides of the sex industry — both positive and negative. (Editors of amazon.com)


    Strategies & Tactics

    Bondurant, Bob and Sanow, Edwin J. (2000). BOB BONDURANT ON POLICE AND PURSUIT DRIVING. Osceola, Wis.: MBI Publishing Co., ISBN: 0760306869
         The Bob Bondurant School of High Performance Driving near Phoenix, Arizona, is one of the most-respected driving schools in the world. It’s also the site of Bondurant’s highly regarded police and pursuit driving course. More than 2,000 law enforcement officers actually take the class every year. Now Bondurant and veteran law enforcement officer Ed Sanow put to print all elements of police and pursuit driving as taught by Bondurant-the terminology, the car, the road, and, of course, safety. Bondurant’s methods for controlling weight transfer, following lines through corners, tail-braking, and more are also illustrated and addressed. (Editors of amazon.com)

    Gill, Peter (2000). ROUNDING UP THE USUAL SUSPECTS?: DEVELOPMENTS IN CONTEMPORARY LAW ENFORCEMENT INTELLIGENCE. Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate Publishing, ISBN: 184014923X
         The author addresses the issue of police intelligence, i.e. can the policing, more often associated with ‘doing’ than ‘thinking’ reinvent itself in the Information Age? Is policing changing by appropriating new technological tools or is it merely using them in its historical mission of controlling the ‘dangerous classes’? Policing practices in the United Kingdom, New York State and Canada are investigated. If law enforcement shifts away from rounding up the usual suspects and recycling them through the criminal justice process, then broader issues of social damage could be addressed.

    Harcourt, Bernard (2001). ILLUSION OF ORDER: THE FALSE PROMISE OF BROKEN WINDOWS POLICING. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, ISBN: 0674004728
         This is the first book to challenge the “broken-windows” theory of crime, which argues that permitting minor misdemeanors, such as loitering and vagrancy, to go unpunished only encourages more serious crime. The theory has revolutionized policing in the United States and abroad, with its emphasis on policies that crack down on disorderly conduct and aggressively enforce misdemeanor laws. The problem, argues Harcourt, is that although the broken-windows theory has been around for nearly 30 years, it has never been empirically verified. Indeed, existing data suggest that it is false. Conceptually, it rests on unexamined categories of “law abiders” and “disorderly people” and of “order” and “disorder,” which have no intrinsic reality, independent of the techniques of punishment that we implement in our society. (from the publisher)

    Madinger, John (2000). CONFIDENTIAL INFORMANT: LAW ENFORCEMENT’S MOST VALUABLE TOOL. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, ISBN: 0849307090
         The author, a former narcotics agent, supervisor and administrator, and currently a Senior Special Agent with the Criminal Investigation Division of the Internal Revenue Service. explores the covert and clandestine world of informants-revealing the secrets of how to find them and make the most out of them, while at the same time, avoiding the pitfalls of dealing with them. Using case studies in which informants played key roles in solving crimes, the book examines all aspects of informant development and management, from the motivation of the informant to the legal problems that accompany the use of informants in criminal cases. The book examines the emotional and behavioral characteristics of the informant, as well as the psychology of trust and betrayal. The book also illustrates techniques for improving interviewing and communication skills when dealing with informants, and provides invaluable forms that can be used in connection with these vital sources of information. (from the publisher)

    Pue, W. Wesley (2000). PEPPER IN OUR EYES: THE APEC AFFAIR. Vancouver: UBC Press, ISBN: 0774807792
         Readers from the United States are probably more familiar with the images of tear gas, rubber bullets, and wholesale police violence from the 1999 protests against the World Trade Organization in Seattle, but two years earlier in Canada, protestors were subjected to similar tactics for voicing similar concerns in regards to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit. Fourteen contributions examine the implications of this attack with regard to constitutional principle, the role of the police in a democratic society, public accountability, and the deleterious effects of globalization on rights and politics. (booknews.com)

    Spiel, Robert E. (2000). ART THEFT AND FORGERY INVESTIGATION: THE COMPLETE FIELD MANUAL. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C.Thomas; ISBN: 0398070393
         The goal of this unique manual is to arm criminal investigators with tools and weapons that are suitable and effective against art theft and forgery. The author, with over 25 years experience in the art theft investigation field, presents comprehensive techniques, tips, and ideas to help diminish the level of frustration experienced by criminal investigators required to handle the growing number and magnitude of art crimes. The first part introduces the art world environment. The second part discusses the investigator’s interaction with the victim, including interviewing, crime scene investigation, and identifying and developing suspects. Part three deals with offenders and covers such topics as art theft methods, forgery techniques, methods of distribution, and investigative countermeasures. The final section presents a comprehensive review of solutions and recoveries, including chapters on legal weapons, insurance and rewards, the use of experts, universal and variable contact group classifications, object bulletins, art criminal photo albums, informant development, undercover methods, unidentified victims, and recovery and seizure of stolen or fake art.

    Taylor, Ralph (2001). BREAKING AWAY FROM BROKEN WINDOWS: BALTIMORE NEIGHBORHOODS AND THE NATIONWIDE FIGHT AGAINST CRIME, GRIME, FEAR, AND DECLINE. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, ISBN: 0813397804
         The concept of “Broken Windows” (introduced 20 years ago) symbolizes an initial sign of neighborhood disorder and neglect that may eventually lead to an increase in more serious street crime. Using Baltimore as his case study, Taylor dissects the intuitive logic of broken windows, or incivilities thesis (and its relatively distinct variants), by conducting an empirical analysis of its assumptions. Taylor uses a rich collection of data that includes on-site assessments of neighborhoods and street blocks, maps, census information, reported crime figures, and interviews with community residents and leaders. Taylor finds limited support for the incivilities thesis. Initial status, stability, and racial composition appear more important for predicting later neighborhood decline than incivilities, and status and race appear at least as important as incivilities for predicting crime changes. In other words, incivilities and structural dimensions of community influence neighborhood change. One of the most compelling facets of this book is how it orients the incivilities thesis within a much larger context to include scholarship on policing, the causes of crime, fear of crime, the nature of community, crime prevention, neighborhood disorder, and urban political economy. (Contemporary Sociology)

    Worrall, John L. (2001). CIVIL LAWSUITS, CITIZEN COMPLAINTS, AND POLICING INNOVATIONS. New York: LFB Scholarly Pub., ISBN: 1931202117
         Worrall finds that selected police innovations correlate directly with increases in lawsuits and complaints. Choosing four innovations—two democratic (community-oriented policing and citizen complaint review procedures) and two non-democratic (police paramilitary units and contemporary civil asset forfeiture)—Worrall uses a nationwide survey of 1,400 municipal police chiefs and county sheriffs to assemble data on law enforcement agencies’ experiences with these innovations. He finds that innovations were positively associated with increased incidence of police-directed grievances, especially among complaints. The primary policy implication is that administrators should recognize the unanticipated consequences of innovation. (editors of amazon.com)

    Zulawski, David E. and Wicklander, Douglas E. (2002) PRACTICAL ASPECTS OF INTERVIEW AND INTERROGATION. Boca Raton, Fla., 2nd ed.: CRC Press, ISBN: 0849311535
         What makes a person confess to a crime he did not commit? Was he coerced? Is he trying to protect someone else? Interrogation has come under attack as opponents focus on false confessions. However, most cases are still resolved by confession, not forensic evidence. Among the new topics covered in the Second Edition of this best-selling book, Practical Aspects of Interview and Interrogation focuses on why false confessions exist and how to avoid them. Covering the entire sequence of events that occur during the interview and interrogation process, this book provides a realistic building block approach that allows you to move from a preliminary accusation to an ultimate confession by applying practical rules to the process. It gives you the flexibility to select a number of different paths to proceed in an interrogation of a suspect. (Reviewers of amazon.com)