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II. SPECIFIC RACIAL / ETHNIC GROUPS AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN THE U.S.

A. General Multicultural (Including Any Three or More Groups)

Almeida, Rhea, Woods, Rosemary, Messineo, Theresa, Font, Roberto, and Heer, Chris (1994).Violence in the Lives of the Racially and Sexually Different: A Public and Private Dilemma. In Rhea V. Almeida (Ed.), Expansions of Feminist Family Theory through Diversity (pp. 99-126). New York: Harrington Park/Haworth.

Anderson, Christen L. (1997). Gender, Status, and Domestic Violence: An Integration of Feminist and Family Violence Approaches. Journal of Marriage and the Family,  59, 655-669.

Asbury, J. E. (1993). Violence in Families of Color in the United States. In Robert L. Hampton, Thomas P. Gullotta, et al. (Eds.), Family Violence: Prevention and Treatment (pp. 159-178). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Asbury, Jo-Ellen (1999). What Do We Know Now About Spouse Abuse and Child Sexual Abuse in Families of Color in the United States? In Robert L. Hampton (Ed.), Family Violence (2nd Ed.) (pp.148-167). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baba, Yoko, and Murray, Susan (2002). Race and Domestic Violence: A Comparative Study of African American, Latina, and White Women. Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology, 30(2), 165-176.

Bachman, R. and Coker, A. L. (1995). Police Involvement in Domestic Violence: The Interactive Effects of Victim Injury, Offender's History of Violence, and Race. Violence and Victims, 10(2), 91-106.

Bagshaw, D. (2003). Contested Truths: Family Mediation, Diversity, and Violence Against Women. Public Administration and Public Policy, 104: 49-84.

Benson, M.L., Wooldredge, J., Thistlethwaite, A.B., and Fox, G.L. (2004). The Correlation between Race and Domestic Violence Is Confounded with Community Context.  Social Problems, 51(3), 326-342.

Bent-Goodley, T. (2005). Culture and Domestic Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(2): 195-203.

Bograd, Michele (1999). Strengthening Domestic Violence Theories: Intersections of Race, Class, Sexual Orientation, and Gender. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 25 (3), 275-.

Bonnycastle, Kevin, and George Rigakos (Eds.) (1998). Unsettling Truths: Battered Women, Policy, Politics, and Contemporary Research in Canada. Collective Press, Canada, Part II, “Intersecting Narratives of Woman Battering: Race, Class, & Gender.”

Browne, Angela (1995). Reshaping the Rhetoric: The Nexus of Violence, Poverty, and Minority Status in the Lives of Women and Children in the United States. Georgetown Journal on Fighting Poverty, 3, 17-23.

Browne, A., Miller, B., and Maguin, E. (1997).  Prevalence and Severity of Lifetime Physical and Sexual Victimization among Incarcerated Women. Unpublished Manuscript. Boston.

Burman, E., Smailes, S.L., Chantler, K. (2004). “Culture” as a Barrier to Service Provision and Delivery: Domestic Violence Services for Minoritized Women. Critical Social Policy, 24(3): 332-357.

Burns. M. C. (Ed.) (1986). The Speaking Profits Us: Violence in the Lives of Women of Color. Seattle, W A: Center for the Prevention of Sexual and Domestic Violence.

Caetano, R. and C. Cunradi (2003). Intimate Partner Violence and Depression among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. Annals of Epidemiology, 13(10), 661-665.

Caetano, R., Cunradi, C., Schafer, J., and Clark, C. (1997). Partner Violence and Drinking among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics in the U.S. Presented at the 1997 Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism, San Francisco, CA.

Campbell, Doris Williams, Masaki, Beckie, and Torres, Sara (1997). Water on Rock: Changing Domestic Violence Perceptions in the African-American, Asian American, and Latino Communities. In Ethel Klein, Jacquelyn Campbell, Esta Soler, and Maressa Ghez (Eds.), Ending Domestic Violence (pp. 64-87). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Carmen, Elaine Hilberman ( 1995). Inner-City Community Mental Health: The Interplay of Abuse and Race in Chronic Mentally III Women. In Mental Health, Racism and Sexism ( pp.217 -236 ). Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.

Cazenave, N. A. and Straus, M. A. (1979). Race, Class, Network Embeddedness and Family Violence: A Search for Potent Support Systems. Journal of Comparative Family Systems, 10(3),281-300.

Centerwall, B. S. (1995). Race, Socioeconomic Status, and Domestic Homicide.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 273, 1755-1758.

Cervantes, N., and Cervantes, J. (1993). A Multicultural Perspective in the Treatment of Domestic Violence. In M. Hansen and M. Harway (Eds.), Battering and Family Therapy: A Feminist Perspective (pp. 156-174). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Cherlin, Andrew, Burton, Linda, Hurt, Tera, and Purvin, Diane (2004). The Influence of Physical and Sexual Abuse on Marriage and Cohabitation. American Sociological Review, 69(Dec): 768-789.

Curandi, C. B., Caetano, R., Clark, C. L., and Schafer, J. (1999). Alcohol-Related Problems and Intimate Partner Violence among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the U.S. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 23, 1492-1501.

Cunradi, C.B., Caetano, R., and Schafer, J. (2002). Socioeconomic Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the United States. Journal of Family Violence, 17(4): 377-389.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das (1998). Women's Realities: Defining Violence Against Women by Immigration, Race, and Class.  In Raquel Kennedy Bergen (Ed.), Issues in Intimate Violence (pp. 209-219). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Della-Giustina, Jo-Ann (2005). Gender, Race, and Class as Predictors of Femicide Rates: A Path Analysis.  Ph.D. dissertation, Criminal Justice Program, City University of New York.

De Anda, Diane (2000). Violence: Diverse Populations and Communities. New York: Haworth.

Dugan, L., Apel, R. (2003). An Exploratory Study of the Violent Victimization of Women: Race/Ethnicity and Situational Context. Criminology, 41(3): 959-980

El Bassel, N., Gilbert, L., Witte, S., Wu, E., Gaeta, T., Schilling, R., and Wada, T. Intimate Partner Violence and Substance Abuse among Minority Women Receiving Care from an Inner-City Emergency Department. Women’s Health Issues, 13(1), 16-22.

Esqueda, Cynthia Willis (2000). Effects of race and Victim Drinking on Domestic Violence Attributions. Sex Roles, 42(11), 1043-.

Fenton, Zanita E. (1998). Domestic Violence in Black and White: Racialized Gender Stereotypes in Gender Violence. Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, 8(1), 1-.

Ferguson, C. and C. Negy (2004). The Influence of Gender and Ethnicity on Judgments of Culpability in a Domestic Violence Scenario. Violence and Victims, 19(2): 203-220.

Fine, Michelle and Weis, Lois (1998). Crime Stories: A Critical Look Through Race, Ethnicity and Gender. Qualitative Studies in Education, II, (3), 435-460.

Fine, Michelle and Lois Weis (1998). The Unknown City: The Lives of Poor and Working-Class Young Adults. Boston: Beacon.

Gabler, Michelle, Stern, Steven E., Miserandino, Marianne (1998). Latin American, Asian, and American Cultural Differences in Perceptions of Spousal Abuse. Psychological Reports, 83(2), 587-592.

Gondolf, Edward W. (1998). Appreciating Diversity among Battered Women. In Edward W. Gondolf (Ed.), Assessing Woman Battering in Mental Health Services (pp. 113-131). London: Sage.

Gondolf, E. W., Fisher, E., and McFerron, J. R. (1988). Racial Differences among Shelter Residents: A Comparison of Anglo, Black, and Hispanic Battered Women. Journal of Family Violence, 3(1), 39-51.

Haaken, J. (2002). Stories of Survival: Class, Race and Domestic Violence. In N. Holstrom (Ed.), The Socialist Feminist Project: A Contemporary Reader in Theory and Practice (pp. 102-120). New York: Monthly Review

Hampton, Robert, Carrillo, Ricardo, and Kim, Joan (1998). Violence in Communities of Color. In Ricardo Carrillo and Jerry Tello (Eds.), Family Violence and Men of Color: Healing the Wounded Male Spirit (pp. 1-30). New York: Springer.

Hampton, Robert L., Jenkins, Pamela, and Vandergriff-Avery, Maria (1999). Physical and Sexual Violence in Marriage. In Robert L. Hampton (Ed.), Family Violence (Second Edition) (pp.148-167). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Harrison, Lisa, and Esqueda, Cynthia Willis (2000). Effects of Race and Victim Drinking on Domestic Violence Attributions. Sex Roles, 42(11l12), 1043-.

Hudgins, R. L. (1990). Professional Considerations for Those Working with Women of Color Survivors of Lesbian Battering. In P. Elliott (Ed.), Confronting Lesbian Battering: A Manual for the Battered Women's Movement (pp. 158-160). St. Paul, MN: Lesbian Battering Intervention Project.

Jarrett, R.L., and S. M. Jefferson. 2004. Women’s Danger Management Strategies in an Inner-City Housing Project. Family Relations, 53(2), 138-147.

Jasinski, Jana L. (2001). Physical Violence among Anglo, African American, and Hispanic Couples: Ethnic Differences in Persistence and Cessation. Violence and Victims, 16(5), 479-490.

Jasinski, Jana L. (2001). Pregnancy, Stress and Wife Assault: Ethnic Differences in Prevalence, Severity, and Onset in a National Sample. Violence and Victims, 16(3), 219-232.

Jones, Nikki (2004). “It’s Not Where You Live, It’s How You Live”: How Yong Women Negotiate Conflict and Violence in the Inner City. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 595(1): 49-62.

Kanuha, Val Kalei. 2002. Colonization and Violence Against Women. In Domestic Violence in Asian & Pacific Islander Communities. National Summit 2002: Proceedings. San Francisco: Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence, pp. 30-33.

Kasturirangan, Aarati, Krishnan, Sandhya, and Riger, Stephanie (2004). The Impact of Culture and Minority Status on Women’s Experience of Domestic Violence.  Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 5(4), 318-332.

Kaufman, Kantor, G. (1996). Alcohol and Spousal Abuse: Ethnic Differences. In M. Galanter (Ed.), Recent Developments in Alcoholism (pp. ___-___).  New York: Plenum.

Kaukinen, Chatherine (2004). The Help-Seeking Strategies of Female Violence-Crime Victims: The Direct and Conditional Effects of Race and the Victim-Offender Relationship. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(9), 967-99.

Kantor, Glenda Kaufman (19__). Ethnicity, Drinking and Wife Abuse: A Structural and Cultural Interpretation. Washington, DC: National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Kingsnorth, R.F., MacIntosh, R.C., Berdahl, T., Blades, C., and Rossi, S. (2001). Domestic Violence: The Role of Interracial/Ethnic Dyads in Criminal Court Processing. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 17(2), 123-142.

Kirt, E. (2000). Domestic Violence and Detroit: An Ethnic Group Study (Michigan). Unpub. Ph.D. Diss., The Union Institute.

Krishnan, Satya, Hilbert, Judith, VanLeeuwen, Dawn, and Kolia, Raiza (1997). Documenting Domestic Violence among Ethnically Diverse Populations [Anglo, Hispanic, and Native American1: Results from a Preliminary Study. Family Community Health, 203 (3) , 32-48.

Lauristen, Janet and Norma White (2001). Putting Violence in Its Place: The Influence of Race, Ethnicity, Gender and Place on the Risk for Violence. Criminology & Public Policy, 1(1): 37-59.

Leone, J., M. Johnson, C. Cohan, and S. Lloyd (2004). Consequences of Male Partner Violence for Low-Income Minority Women. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66(2): 472-490.

Lichtenstein, B. (2005). Domestic Violence, Sexual Ownership, and HIV Risk in Women in the American Deep South.  Social Science and Medicine, 60(4): 701-714.

Locke, Lisa, and Richman, Charles (1999). Attitudes Toward Domestic Violence Race and Gender Issues. Sex Roles, 40(3l4), 227-.

Lockhart, Lettie (1991). Spousal Violence: A Cross-Racial Perspective. In Robert L Hampton (Ed.), Black Family Violence Current Research and Theory (pp 85-101). Lexington, MA Lexington.

Malley-Morrison, Kathleen, and Denise Hines (2004). Family Violence in a Cultural Perspective: Defining, Understanding, and Combating Abuse. Sage

McDonald, Mary (1999). Unnecessary Roughness: Gender and Racial Politics in Domestic Violence Media Events Sociology of Sport Journal, 16(2), 111.

McFarlane, J., Malecha, A., Gist, J., Watson, K., Battern, E., Hall, I., Smith, S. (2004). Protection Orders and Intimate Partner Violence: An 18-Month Study of 150 Black, Hispanic, and White Women. American Journal of Public Health, 94(4): 613-618.

McGruder-Johnson, Anita, Davidson, E., Gleaves, D., Stock, W., and Finch, J. (2000). Interpersonal Violence and Posttraumatic Symptomatology: The Effects of Ethnicity, Gender, and Exposure to Violent Events. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(2), 205-221.

Mendez, Juan (1996). Serving Gays and Lesbians of Color Who Are Survivors of Violence. In Claire Renzetti and

Charles Harvey Miley (Eds.), Violence in Gay And Lesbian Domestic Partnerships (pp. 53-59), New York Harrington/Haworth.

Mignon, Sylvia, Larson, Calvin, and Holmes, William (2002).  Victims and Perpetrators: Family Abuse by Gender, Race, Ethnicity and Other Correlates. Family Abuse: Consequences, Theories, and Responses (Ch. 9). Allyn & Bacon.

Miller, Susan L (1989). Unintended Side Effects of Pro-Arrest Policies and Their Race and Class Implications for Battered Women. A Cautionary Note Criminal Justice Policy Review, 3(3), 299-317.

Neff, James Allan, Holamon, Bruce and Schulter, Tracy Davis (1995).  Spousal Violence among Anglos, Blacks, and Mexican Americans: The Role of Demographic Variables, Psychosocial Predictors, and Alcohol Consumption Journal of Family Violence, 10(1), 1-21.

Oates, Gisele Casanova (1998). Cultural Perspectives on Intimate Violence. In Nicky Ali Jackson and Gisele Casanova Oates (Eds.),  Violence in Intimate Relationships: Examining Sociological and Psychological Issues (pp. 225-243). Woburn, MA:  Butterworth-Heinemann.

O'Keefe, M (1994). Racial/Ethnic Differences among Battered Women and Their Children.  Journal of Child and Family Studies, 3(3), 283-305.

Pearlman, D., S. Zierler, A. Gjelsvik, and W. VerhoekOftedahl (2003). Neighborhood Environment, Racial Position, and Risk of Police-Reported Domestic Violence: A Contextual Analysis. Public Health Reports-US, 118(1): 44-58.

Perilla, Julia, Frndak, Kim, Lilliard, Debbie, and East, Cynthia (2003). A Working Analysis of Women’s use of Violence in the Context of Learning, Opportunity, and Choice. Violence Against Women, 9(1), 10-46

Phillips, D (1998). Culture and Systems of Oppression: Locating Abused Women’s Lives. JOGNN, 27(6), 678-683.

Rasche. Christine E (1995). Minority Women and Domestic Violence:  The Unique Dilemmas of Battered Women of Color. Barbara Raffel Price and Natalie J Sokoloff (Eds.), The Criminal Justice System and Women Offenders, Victims, Workers (Second Edition) (pp 246-261), New York: McGraw-Hill.

Rennison, Callie, and Mike Planty (2003). Nonlethal Intimate Partner Violence: Examining Race, Gender, and Income Patterns. Violence and Victims, 18(4): 433-443.

Rivera, Jenny (1997). Domestic Violence Against Latinas by Latino Males: An Analysis of Race, National Origin, and Gender Differentials. In Adrien Katherine Wing (Ed.), Critical Race Feminism: A Reader (pp 259-266).  New York: New York University.

Robinson, Amanda (1998). Part VI. Experiencing Domestic Violence Through the Presence of Difference. Unpublished Manuscript. Michigan State University.

Rosen, L., A. Parmley, K. Knudson, and P. Fancher (2002). Intimate Partner Violence among Married Male U.S. Army Soldiers: Ethnicity as a Factor in Self-Reported Perpetration and Victimization. Violence & Victims, 17(5): 607-622.

Sacks, Valerie (1996). An Indefensible Defense: On the Misuse of Culture in Criminal Law. Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law, 13 (Fall), 523-.

Sagrestano, Lynda, Doris Carroll, Angela Rodriguez, Bahij Nuwayhid (2004). Demographic, Psychological, and Relationship Factors in Domestic Violence during Pregnancy in a Sample of Low-Income Women of Color. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 28(4): 309-322.

Senturia, K., Sullivan, M., Ciske, S. & Shiu-Thornton, S. (2004). Cultural Issues Affecting Domestic Violence Service Utilization in Ethnic and Hard to Reach Populations. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service (185352/185357).

Sethi, D., Watts, S., Zwi, A., Watson, J., McCarthy, C. (2004). Experience of Domestic Violence by Women Attending an Inner City Accident and Emergency Department. Emergency Medical Journal, 21(2): 180-184.

Sharma, A. (2001). Healing the Wounds of Domestic Abuse: Improving the Effectiveness of Feminist Therapeutic Interventions with Immigrant and Racially Visible Women Who Have Been Abused. Violence Against Women , 7(12), 1405-1428.

Smith, Brenda V. (2005). Battering, Forgiveness, and Redemption: Alternative Models for Addressing Domestic Violence in Communities of Color. In Natalie J. Sokoloff (Ed.) (with Christina Pratt), Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings in Race, Class, Gender & Culture (pp. 321-339). Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University.

Sokoloff, Natalie J. (2004). Domestic Violence at the Crossroads: Violence against Poor Women and Women of Color. Women’s Studies Quarterly, 32(3/4): 139-147.

Sokoloff, Natalie J. (with Christina Pratt) (2005).  Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings in Race, Class, Gender & Culture. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University.

Sokoloff, Natalie, and Dupont, Ida (2005). Domestic Violence at the Intersections of Race, Class, and Gender: Challenges and Contributions to Understanding Violence against Marginalized Women in Diverse Communities. Violence against Women, 11(1): 38-64.

Sorenson, S. B. (1996). Violence Against Women: Examining Ethnic Differences and Commonalities. Evaluation Review, 20, 123-145.

Sorenson, S., Upchurch, D., and Shen, H. (1996). Violence and Injury in Marital Arguments: Risk Patterns and Gender Differences. American Journal of Public Health, 86(1), 35-40.

Sorenson, S., and White, J. (1992). Gender, Ethnicity, and Sexual Assault: Findings from a Los Angeles Study. Journal of Social Issues, 48(1), 93-104.

Staples, Robert (1976). Race and Family Violence: The Internal Colonialism Perspective. In L. E. Gary and L. P. Brown (Eds.), Crime and Its Impact on the Black Community (pp. 85-96). Washington, D.C. : Institute for Urban Development Center, Howard University.

Steinmetz, S. K., and Pellicciaro, J. (1986). Women, Ethnicity, and Family Violence: Implications for Social Policy. Ethnicity and Women, 5, 206-223.

St. George, Donna (2004). Pregnancy and Homicide/The Unknown Toll: Many New or Expectant Mothers Die Violent Deaths. The Washington Post. December 19, pp. A1, A20, A21.

Takagi, T. (1991). Women of Color and Violence against Women. Violence Against Women Supplement (pp. S1, S6). (C. Mollner, Ed.) St. Paul, MN: National Network of Women's Funds and Foundations Corporate Philanthropy.

Tripp, A.M., and L. Affi (2004). Domestic Violence in a Cultural Context. Family Advocate, 27(2): 32-36.

Urquiza, A. J., Wyatt, G. E. Root, M. P. (1994). Special Issue: Violence Against Women of Color. Violence and Victims,  9 (3lFall).

Vieraitis, L. M., and Williams, M. R. (2002). Assessing the Impact of Gender Inequality on Female Homicide Victimization across U.S. Cities: A Racially Disaggregated Analysis. Violence Against Women, 8(1), 64-86.

Warrier, Sujata. 2002. Culture: What It Is, Who Owns It, Claims It, Changes It. In Domestic Violence in Asian & Pacific Islander Communities. National Summit 2002: Proceedings. San Francisco: Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence, pp. 27-29.

West, Carolyn M.  (2005). Domestic Violence in Ethnically and Racially Diverse Families: The “Political Gag Order” Has Been Lifted. In Natalie J. Sokoloff (Ed.) (with Christina Pratt), Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings in Race, Class, Gender & Culture (pp. 157-173). Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University.

Winchester, R. (2002). Domestic Violence: Women from Ethnic Minorities Face an Uphill Struggle to Find Help. Community Care, 20(Nov): 24-27.

Wright, R., and Thomas, J. (2003). Disproportionate Representation: Communities of Color in the Domestic Violence, Juvenile Justice, and Child Welfare Systems. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 54(4), 87-96.

Yoshioka, Marianne, and Choi, Deborah (2005). Culture and Interpersonal Violence Research: Paradigm Shift to Create a Full Continuum of Domestic Violence Services. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(4): 513-519.

Yoshioka, M.R., and Dang, Q. (2000). The Asian Family Violence Report: A Study of the Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese Communities in Massachusetts.  Boston: The Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence.

Yoshioka, M. R., Gilbert, L., El-Bassel, N., and Baig Amin, M. (2003). Social Support and Disclosure of Abuse: A Comparison of African American, Hispanic, and South Asian Battered Women.  Journal of Family Violence, 18(3), 171-180.

Zorza, Joan (2002). Racial Minorities, Violence Against Women: Law, Prevention, Protection, Enforcement, Treatment, Health (Ch. 11). Kingston, N.J.: Civic Research Institute, Inc.

Zorza, Joan (2002). Violence Against Women: Law, Prevention, Protection, Enforcement, Treatment, Health. Kingston, N.J.: Civic Research Institute, Inc.


B. African-American / Black (or Blacks compared with Whites)3

Allard, Sharon Angella (1991). Rethinking Battered Woman Syndrome: A Black Feminist Perspective. UCLA Women's Law Journal, 1, 191-207.

Ammons, Lila (1997). Consequences of Violence in the African American Community in 1991. Western Journal of Black Studies, 21(3), 199-203.

Ammons, Linda L. (1995). Mules, Madonnas, Babies, Bathwater, Racial Imagery and Stereotypes: The African- American Woman and the Battered Woman Syndrome. Wisconsin Law Review, 5, 1003- 1080.

Asbury, J. ( 1987). African-American Women in Violent Relationships: An Exploration of Cultural Differences. In R. L Harper (Ed.), Violence in the Black Family (pp. 89-105). Lexington, MA: DC Heath.

Asbury, Jo-Ellen (1999). What Do We Know Now About Spouse Abuse and Child Sexual Abuse in Families of Color in the United States? In Robert L. Hampton (Ed.), Family Violence (Second Edition) (pp.148-167). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baba, Yoko, and Murray, Susan (2002). Race and Domestic Violence: A Comparative Study of African American, Latina, and White Women. Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology, 30(2), 165-176.

Bachman, Ronet, and Coker, Ann (1995). Police Involvement in Domestic Violence: The Interactive Effects of Victim Injury, Offender's History of Violence, and Race. Violence and Victims, 10(2), 91-106.

Banks, M., and Ackerman, R. (2002). Head and Brain Injuries Experienced by African American Women Victims of Intimate Partner Violence. Women & Therapy, 25(3/4), 133-144.

Bell, Carl and Mattis, Jacqueline (2000). The Importance of Cultural Competence in Ministering to African American Victims of Domestic Violence. Violence Against Women, 6(5/May), 515-.

Bender, Marnette, Sarah Cook, and Nadine Kaslow (2003). Social Support as a Mediator of Revictimization of Low-Income African American Women. Violence and Victims, 18(4): 419-431.

Bennett, Lauren, Goodman, Lisa, and Dutton, Mary (1999). Systemic Obstacles to the Criminal Prosecution of a Battering Partner: A Victim Perspective. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14(7), 761-.

Benson, M.L., Wooldredge, J., Thistlethwaite, A.B., and Fox, G.L. (2004). The Correlation between Race and Domestic Violence Is Confounded with Community Context.  Social Problems, 51(3), 326-342.

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B. (2004). Perceptions of Domestic Violence: A Dialogue with African American Women. Health and Social Work, 29(4): 307-316.

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B. (2001). Eradicating Domestic Violence in the African American Community: A Literature Review and Action Agenda. Trauma Violence and Abuse, 2(4), 316-330.

Bent-Goodley, Tricia B. (1998). A Poor African-American Community’s Response towards Domestic Violence.  Dissertation Abstracts International, A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, 58(12), 4808-A.

Berenson, A. B. (1991). Drug Abuse and Other Risk Factors for Physical Abuse in Pregnancy among White Non- Hispanic, Black, and Hispanic Women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 164 (6), 1491-1499.

Brice-Baker, J. R. (1994). Domestic Violence in African-American and African-Caribbean Families. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 3(1), 23-38.

Browne, Angela (1999). Domestic Violence in Context: A Forum on Race, Immigration, and Poverty. Paper presented at the University of New Hampshire, 6th International Family Violence Research Conference. Durham, N.H.

Brush, L.D. (2000). Poverty, Battering, Race, and Welfare Reform: Black-White Differences in Women’s Welfare-to-Work Transitions. Journal of Poverty, 5(1), 67-90.

Butler, Lola (1999). African American Lesbian Women Experiencing Partner Abuse. In Joan McClennan and John Gunther (Eds.),  A Professional’s Guide to Understanding Gay and Lesbian Domestic Violence: Understanding Practice Interventions  (pp. 50-57). New York: Edwin Mellen.

Caetano, R. and C. Cunradi (2003). Intimate Partner Violence and Depression among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. Annals of Epidemiology, 13(10), 661-665.

Caetano, R., Cunradi, C., Schafer, J., and Clark, C. (1997). Partner Violence and Drinking among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics in the U.S. Presented at the 1997 Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism, San Francisco, CA.

Campbell, D. W., Campbell, J., King, C., Parker, B. and Ryan, J. (1994). The Reliability and Factor Structure of the Index of Spouse Abuse With African-American Women. Violence and Victims, 9(3), 259-274.

Campbell, D. W. (1993). Nursing Care of African American Battered Women:  Afrocentric Perspectives. AWHONNS, Clinical Issues in Perinatal and Women's Health Nursing, 4, 407 -415.

Campbell, Doris Williams, Masaki, Beckie, and Torres, Sara (1997). Water on Rock: Changing Domestic Violence Perceptions in the African-American, Asian American, and Latino Communities. In Ethel Klein, Jacquelyn Campbell, Esta Soler, and Maressa Ghez (Eds.), Ending Domestic Violence (pp. 64-87). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cherlin, Andrew, Burton, Linda, Hurt, Tera, and Purvin, Diane (2004). The Influence of Physical and Sexual Abuse on Marriage and Cohabitation. American Sociological Review, 69(Dec): 768-789.

Coley, S. M. and Beckett, J. 0. (1988). Black Battered Women: Practice Issues. Social Casework: Journal of Contemporary Social Work, (October), 483-490.

Coley, S. M. and Beckett, J. 0. (1988). Black Battered Women: A Review of Empirical Literature. Journal of Counseling and Development, 66(6), 266-270.

Cunradi, C.B., Caetano, R., and Schafer, J. (2002). Socioeconomic Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the United States. Journal of Family Violence, 17(4): 377-389.

Cunradi, C. B., Caetano, R., Clark, C. L., and Schafer, J. (1999). Alcohol-Related Problems and Intimate Partner Violence among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the U.S. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 23, 1492-1501.

Della-Giustina, Jo-Ann (2005). Gender, Race, and Class as Predictors of Femicide Rates: A Path Analysis.  Ph.D. dissertation, Criminal Justice Program, City University of New York.

Dennis, R. E., Key, L. J., Kirk, A. L., and Smith, A. (1995). Addressing Domestic Violence in the African American Community. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 6, 284-293.

Dutton, Mary Ann, Goodman, Lisa A., and Bennett, Lauren (1999). Court-Involved Battered Women's Responses to Violence: The Role of Psychological, Physical, and Sexual Abuse. Violence  and Victims, 14 (1), Fenton, Zanita E. (1998). Domestic Violence in Black and White: Racialized Gender Stereotypes in Gender Violence. Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, 8(1), 1-.

Fenton, Zanita (1998). Domestic Violence in Black and White Racialized Gender Stereotypes in Gender Violence.  Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, 8(1), 1-.

Fine, Michelle and Weis, Lois (1998). "Food in Our Stomachs and a Roof Overhead": African American Women Crossing Borders. The Unknown City: Lives of Poor and Working-Class Young Adults (pp. 161- 185). Boston: Beacon.

Fine, Michelle and Weis, Lois (1998). Crime Stories: A Critical Look Through Race, Ethnicity and Gender. Qualitative Studies in Education, 11, (3), 435-460.

Fine, Michelle and Lois Weis (1998). The Unknown City: The Lives of Poor and Working-Class Young Adults. Beacon.

Fowler, Dawnovise and Hope Hill (2004). Social Support and Spirituality as Culturally Relevant Factors in Coping among African American Women Survivors of Partner Abuse. Violence Against Women, 10(11): 1267-1266.

Gillum, T. L. (2002). Exploring the Link between Stereotypic Images and Intimate Partner Violence in the African American Community. Violence Against Women, 8, 64-86.

Gondolf, E. W., Fisher, E., and McFerron, J. R. (1988). Racial Differences among Shelter Residents: A Comparison of Anglo, Black, and Hispanic Battered Women. Journal of Family Violence,  3(1), 39-51.

Gondolf, Edward, et al. (2001). Culturally Focused Batterer Counseling for African American Men.  Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 2(4).  Abstract available at http://www.ncjrs.org/rr/vol3_2/28.html

Goodman, Lisa, Bennett, Lauren, and Dutton, Mary (In press). Factors Related to Domestic Violence Victims' Cooperation with the Criminal Prosecution of their Abusers: the Role of Social Support. Violence and Victims, 14, (3).

Goodman, Lisa, Bennett, Lauren, and Dutton, Mary (N.D.) Obstacles Women Face in Prosecuting Their Batterers: the Role of Social Support. College Park: University of Maryland (submitted for publication).

Hampton, Robert L., Ed. (1991). Black Family Violence: Current Research and Theory. Lexington, MA: Lexington.

Hampton, Robert L., Ed. (1987). Violence in the Black Family: Correlates and Consequences. Lexington, MA: Lexington.

Hampton, Robert L. (1986). Family Violence and Homicides in the Black Community: Are They Linked? In U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Report of the Secretary's Task Force on Black and Minority Health (pp. 69-97). Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.

Hampton, Robert, Carrillo, Ricardo, and Kim, Joan (1998).Violence in Communities of Color. In Ricardo Carrillo and Jerry Tello (Eds.), Family Violence and Men of Color: Healing the Wounded Male Spirit (pp. 1-30). New York: Springer.

Hampton, Robert L. and Gelles, Richard J. (1994). Violence toward Black Women in a Nationally Representative Sample of Black Families. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 28(6), 105-119.

Hampton, R. L., Gelles, R. J., and Harrop, J. W. (1989). Is Violence in Black Families Increasing? A Comparison of 1975 and 1985 National Survey Rates. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 51(4), 969-980.

Hampton, R., W. Oliver, and L. Magarian (2003). Domestic Violence in the African American Community: An Analysis of Social and Structural Factors. Violence Against Women, 9(5), 533-558.

Harries, Keith, and Kovandzic, Eric (1999). Persistence, Intensity, and Areal Extent of Violence Against Women: Baltimore City, 1992 to 1995. Violence Against Women, 5(7), 813-.

Harrison, Lisa A. & Esqueda, Cynthia Willis (1999). Myths and Stereotypes of Actors Involved in Domestic Violence: Implications for Domestic Violence Culpability Attributions. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 4(2), 129-138.

Harvey, W. B. (1986). Homicide among Young Black Adults: Life in the Subculture of Exasperation. In D. F. Hawkins (Ed.), Homicide among Black Americans (pp. 153-171). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Hawkins, Darnell (1987). Devalued Lives and Racial Stereotypes: Ideological Barriers to Prevention of Family Violence among Blacks. In Robert Hampton (Ed.), Violence in the Black Family: Correlates and Consequences (pp. 189-205). Lexington, MA: Lexington.

Heron, S., Thompson, M., Jackson, E., and Kaslow, N. (2003). Do Responses to an Intimate Partner Violence Screen Predict Scores on a Comprehensive Measure of Intimate Partner Violence in Low-Income Black Women? Annals of Emergency Medicine, 42(4): 483-491.

hooks, bell (1990). When Brothers Are Batterers. Essence, 25, 148-.

Huang, C. J., and Gunn, T. (2001). An Examination of Domestic Violence in an African American Community in North Carolina: Causes and Consequences. Journal of Black Studies, 31(6), 790-811.

Jarrett, Robin L. and Stephanie Jefferson (2004). Women’s Danger Management Strategies in an Inner-City Housing Project. Family Relations, 53(2): 138-147.

Jasinski, Jana L. (2001). Physical Violence among Anglo, African American, and Hispanic Couples: Ethnic Differences in Persistence and Cessation. Violence and Victims, 16(5), 479-490.

Jenkins, E. (2002). Black Women and Community Violence: Trauma, Grief, and Coping. Women and Therapy, 25(3/4), 29-44.

Johnson, S., Cunnighman Williams, R, and Cottler, L. (2003). A Tripartite of HIV Risk for African American Women: The Intersection of Drug Use, Violence, and Depression. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 70(2), 169-175.

Joseph, Janice (1997). Woman Battering: A Comparative Analysis of Black and White Women. In Glenda Kaufman Kantor and Jana Jasinski (Eds.), Out of the Darkness: Contemporary Perspectives on Family Violence, (pp. 161-169). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Katz, Rebecca (2000). Violence Offenders Prior to Targeted Professional Intervention. Violence Against Women, 6(6), 633-.

Kirt, E. (2000). Domestic Violence and Detroit: An Ethnic Group Study (Michigan). Unpub. Ph.D. Diss., The Union Institute.

Kupenda, Angela Mae (1998). Law, Life and Literature: A Critical Reflection of Life and Literature to Illuminate How Laws of Domestic Violence, Race, and Class Bind Black Women. Howard Law Journal, 42 (Fall), 1-.

Lee, Robert, Thompson, Vetta Sanders, and Mechanic, Mindy (2002). Intimate Partner Violence and women of Color: A Call for Innovations. American Journal of Public Health (92)4, 530-534.

Lewis, Hope (1998). Global Intersections: Critical Race Feminist Human Rights and International Black Women. Maine Law Review, 50, 309-.

Locke, Lisa M. & Richman, Charles L. (1999). Attitudes Toward Domestic Violence: Race and Gender Issues. Sex Roles, 40(3l4), 227-247.

Lockhart, Lettie (1991 ). Spousal Violence: A Cross-Racial Perspective. In Robert L. Hampton (Ed.), Black Family Violence: Current Research and Theory (pp. 85-101). Lexington, MA: Lexington.

Lockhart, Lettie and White, Barbara W. (1989). A Reexamination of the Effects of Race and Social Class on the Incidence of Marital Violence: A Search for Reliable Differences. Journal of Marriage and Family,  49(3), 603-610.

Lockhart, Lettie and White, Barbara W. (1989). Understanding Marital Violence in the Black Community. Journal of Interpersonal Violence,  (4lDecember), 421-436.

Malley-Morrison, Kathleen, and Denise Hines (2004). Family Violence in a Cultural Perspective: Defining, Understanding, and Combating Abuse. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Mama, Amina (2000). Violence against Black Women in the Home.  In Jalna Hanmer and In Jalna Hanmer and Catherine Itzin, Eds. Home Truths about Domestic Violence: Feminist Influences on Policy and Practice—A Reader. London & NY: Routledge, pp. 44-56.

Man to Man Brochure: As an African American Man You Have the Power to Stop Domestic Violence. (1999). San Francisco: Family Violence Prevention Fund and the National Institute on Domestic Violence in the African American Community.  Available at www.fvpf.org.

Manetta, Amenda A. (1999). Interpersonal Violence and Suicidal Behavior in Midlife African American Women. Journal of Black Studies, 29(4), 510-522.

Mann, Coramae Richey (1987). Black Women Who Kill. In R. L. Hampton (Ed.), Violence in the Black Family (pp. 129-146). Lexington, MA: Lexington.

Marsh, Clifton. E. (1993). Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence in the African American Community. The Western Journal of Black Studies, 17(4), 149-155. 

Mattley, C. & Schwartz, M. (1990). Emerging From Tyranny: Using the Battered Woman Scale to Compare the Gender Identities of Battered and Non-Battered Black Women. Symbolic Interaction, 13 (2), 281-289.

McDonnell, Karen, Andrea Carlson Gielen, and Patricia Ocampo (2003). Does HIV Status Make a Difference in the Experience of Lifetime Abuse? Descriptions of Lifetime Abuse and Its Conext among Low-Income Urban Women. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 80(3): 494-509.

McFarlane, J., Malecha, A., Gist, J., Watson, K., Battern, E., Hall, I., Smith, S. (2004). Protection Orders and Intimate Partner Violence: An 18-Month Study of 150 Black, Hispanic, and White Women. American Journal of Public Health, 94(4): 613-618.

McGruder-Johnson, Anita, Davidson, E., Gleaves, D., Stock, W., and Finch, J. (2000). Interpersonal Violence and Posttraumatic Symptomatology: The Effects of Ethnicity, Gender, and Exposure to Violent Events. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(2), 205-221.

McNair, L., and Neville, H. (1996). African American Women Survivors of Sexual Assault: The Intersection of Race and Class. In M. Hill and E. Rothblum (Eds.), Classism and Feminist Therapy: Counting Costs (pp. 107-118). New York: Haworth.

Molina, Olga (2000). Divorce and Domestic Violence among African American Women. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 34(1/2), 131-141.

Meyers, M. (2004). African American Women and Violence: Gender, Race, and Class in the News. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 21(2): 97-118.

Myers, L. J. (1990). Understanding Family Violence: An Afrocentric Analysis Based upon Optimal Theory. In D. S. Ruiz (Ed.), Handbook of Mental Health and Mental Disorder among Black Americans (pp. 183-189). New York: Greenwood.

Nam, Y., Tolman, R. (2002). Partner Abuse and Welfare Receipt among African American and Latino Women Living in a Low-Income Neighborhood. Social Work Research, 26(4): 241-251.

Neff, James Allan, Holamon, Bruce and Schulter, Tracy Davis (1995). Spousal Violence among Anglos, Blacks, and Mexican Americans: The Role of Demographic Variables, Psychosocial Predictors, and Alcohol Consumption. Journal of Family Violence, 10(1), 1-21.

Newby, John, et al. (2000). Spouse Abuse by Black and White Offenders in the U.S. Army. Journal of Family Violence, 15(2), 199-209.

Nichols, Rosalyn (forthcoming). Striving for a More Excellent Way. Women & Therapy, 25(3/4).

Oliver, William (2000). Preventing Domestic Violence in the African American Community: The Rationale for Popular Culture Interventions. Violence Against Women, 6(5/May), 533-549.

Pearlman, Deborah, Zierler, Sally, Gjelsvik, and Verhoek-Oftedahl (2003). Neighborhood Environment, Racial Position, and Risk of Police-Reported Domestic Violence: A Contextual Analysis. Public Health Reports, 118, 44-58.

Plass, P. S. (1993). African-American Family Homicide: Patterns of Partner, Parent, and Child Victimization. Journal of Black Studies, 23(4), 515-538.

Pragna Patel (2000). Southall Black Sisters: Domestic Violence Campaigns and Alliances across the Divisions of Race, Gender, and Class. In Jalna Hanmer and In Jalna Hanmer and Catherine Itzin, Eds. Home Truths about Domestic Violence: Feminist Influences on Policy and Practice—A Reader. London & NY: Routledge, pp. 167-184.

Raj, Anita, Silverman, Jay, Wingood, Gina, and DiClemente, Ralph 1999). Prevalence and Correlates of Relationship Abuse among a Community-Based Sample of Low Income African American Women. Violence Against Women, 5(3), 272-291.

Rasche, Christine E. (1995). Minority Women and Domestic Violence: The Unique Dilemmas of Battered Women of Color. In Barbara Raffel Price and Natalie J. Sokoloff (Eds.), The Criminal Justice System and Women: Offenders, Victims, Workers (Second Edition) (pp. 246-261). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Rennison, Callie Marie, and Welchans, Sarah (2000). Intimate Partner Violence. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report. (NCJ 178247).

Richie, Beth E. (1996). Compelled to Crime: Gender Entrapment of Battered Black Women. New York: Routledge.

Richie, Beth E. (1994). Gender Entrapment: An Exploratory Study. In Alice Dan, ed. Reframing Women's Health: Multidisciplinary Research and Practice (pp. 219-). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Richie, Beth E. (1985). Battered Black Women: A Challenge for the Black Community. The Black Scholar, 16(2), 40-44.

Richie, Beth E. and Johnson, C. (1996). Abuse Histories among Newly Incarcerated Women in a New York City Jail. Journal of American Medical Women's Association, (May/July), 111-114.

Robinson, Amorie (2002). “There’s a Stranger in This House”: African American Lesbians and Domestic Violence.  Women & Therapy, 25(3/4): 125-136.

Robinson, Amanda and Chandek, Meghan (2000). Differential Police Response to Black Battered Women. Women & Criminal Justice, 12(2l3), 29- 61.

Rogers, B., Taylor, M., and McGee, G. (N.D.). Black Women and Family Violence: A Guide for Service Providers. St. Paul: Minnesota Coalition for Battered Women.

Schollenberger, Janet, Campbell, Jacquelyn, et al. (2003). African American HMO Enrollees: Their Experiences with Partner Abuse and Its Effect on Their Health and Use of Medical Services. Violence Against Women, 9(5), 599-618.

Staples, Robert (1976). Race and Family Violence: The Internal Colonialism Perspective. In L. E. Gary and L. P. Brown (Eds.), Crime and Its Impact on the Black Community (pp. 85-96). Washington, D.C.: Institute for Urban Development Center, Howard University.

Stark, Evan (1999). Gendered Violence in the Black Community. In Darnell Hawkins (Ed.), Interpersonal Violence: The Ethnicity, Race and Class Nexus. London: Cambridge University.

Stark, Evan and Flitcraft, Anne (1995). Killing the Beast Within: Woman Battering and Female Suicidality. International Journal of Health Studies, 25(1), 43-64.

Sullivan, C. M., and Rumptz, M. H. (1994). Adjustment and Needs of African American Women Who Utilized a Domestic Violence Shelter. Violence and Victims, 9 (3), 5-19.

Taylor, Janette Y. (2002). “The Straw that Broke the Camel’s Back:” African American Women’s Strategies for Disengaging and Terminating Abusive Relationships. Women & Therapy, 25(3/4).

Taylor, J. (2002). Talking Back: Research as an Act of Resistance and Healing for African American Women Survivors of Intimate Male Partner Violence. Women & Therapy, 25(3/4), 145-160.

Taylor, J., and Zhang, X. (1990). Cultural Identity in Maritally Distressed and Nondistressed Black Couples. Western Journal of Black Studies, 14(4), 205- 213.

Thomas, E. K. (2000). Domestic Violence in the African-American and Asian-American Communities: A Comparative Analysis of Two Racial/Ethnic Minority Cultures and Implications for Mental Health Service Provision for Women of Color. Psychology: A Journal of Human Behavior, 32- 43.

Thompson, Martie, Koslow, Nadine, and Kingree, J. (2002). Risk Factors for Suicide Attempts among African American Women Experiencing Recent Interpersonal Violence. Violence and Victims, 17(3): 283-296.

Thompson, Martie, Kaslow, Nadine, Kingree, J.B., Rashid, Akil, Puett, Robin, Jacobs, Diana, and Matthews, Alex (2000). Partner Violence, Social Support, and Distress among Inner-City African American Women. American Journal of Community Psychology, 28(1), 127-143.

Uzzell, 0. and W. Peebles-Wilkins (1989). Black Souse Abuse: A Focus on Relational Factors and Intervention Strategies. Western Journal of Black Studies, 13(1), 10-15.

Van der Hoogte, L. and Kingma, K. (2004). Promoting Cultural Diversity and the Rights of Women: The Dilemmas of Intersectionality for Development Organisations.  Gender and Development, 12(1): 47-55.

Websdale, Neil (2005). Nashville: Domestic Violence and Incarcerated Women in Poor Black Neighborhoods. In Natalie J. Sokoloff (Ed.) (with Christina Pratt), Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings in Race, Class, Gender & Culture (pp. 142-156). Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University.

Websdale, Neil (1999). Understanding Domestic Homicide. Boston: Northeastern University.

Wechsberg, W., Lam, W., Zule, W., Hall, G., Middlesteadt, R, and Edwards, J. (2003). Violence, Homelessness, and HIV Risk Among Crack-Using African-American Women. Substance Use and Misuse, 38(3/6), 669-700.

Weis, Lois (2001). Race, Gender, and Critique: African-American Women, White Women, and Domestic Violence in the 1980s and 1990s. Signs, 27(1), 139-170.

Weist, Mark (in progress). Sexual Assault in Maryland: The African American Experience. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Weisz, A.N. (2002). Prosecution of Batterers: Views of African American Battered Women. Violence And Victims, 17(1): 19-34

West, Carolyn (2004). Black Women and Intimate Partner Violence: New Directions for Research. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(12): 1487-1493.

West, Carolyn (Ed.) (2002). (Special Issue) Battered, Black, and Blue: Violence in the Lives of Black Women. Women & Therapy, 25(3/4).

West, Carolyn (2002). Battered, Black, and Blue: An Overview of Violence in the Lives of Black Women. Women & Therapy, 25(3/4), 5-28.

West, Carolyn (forthcoming). “I Find Myself at Therapy’s Doorstep:” Conclusion and Suggested Resources. Women & Therapy, 25(3/4), 193-201.

West, Caro1yn (1998). Lifting the "Political Gag Order": Breaking the Silence Around Partner Violence in Ethnic Minority Families. In Jana L. Jasinski and Linda M. Williams (Eds.), Partner Violence: A Comprehensive Review of 20 Years of Research (pp. 184-209). Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage.

West, C. M., Williams, L. M. and Siegel, J. A. (2000). Adult Sexual Revictimization among Black Women Sexually Abused in Childhood: A Prospective Examination of Serious Consequences of Abuse. Child Maltreatment, 5, 49-57.

West, Traci C. (2005). Sustaining an Ethic of Resistance against Domestic Violence in Black Faith-Based Communities. In Natalie J. Sokoloff (Ed.) (with Christina Pratt), Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings in Race, Class, Gender & Culture (pp. 340-349). Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University.

West, Traci C. (1999). Wounds of the Spirit: Black Women, Violence, and Resistance Ethics. New York: New York University.

White, Evelyn (1986). Life Is a Song Worth Singing: Ending Violence in the Black Family. In Maryviolet Burns (ed.), The Speaking Profits Us: Violence  in the Lives of Women of Color (pp. 11-15). Seattle: Center for Prevention of Sexual and Domestic Violence.

White, Eve1yn (1985). Chain, Chain, Change: For Black Women Dealing with Physical and Emotional Abuse. Expanded Version. Seattle: Seal.

Williams, Oliver J. (1 993). Developing an African American Perspective to Reduce Spouse Abuse: Considerations for Community Action. National Association of Social Workers, 1(2), 1-7.

Williams, Oliver J. (1992). Ethnically Sensitive Practice to Enhance Treatment Participation of African American Men Who Batter. Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 588-595.

Willis, J. T. (1994). A Conceptual Model for Counseling the Violent Offender in Black Domestic Relations, Family Therapy, 21(2), 139-148.

Wilson, M. N., Cobb, D.D., and Dolan, R. T. (1987). Raising the Awareness of Wife Battering in Rural Black Areas of Central Virginia: A Community Outreach Approach.  In R. L. Hampton, Ed., Violence in the Black Family: Correlates and Consequences (pp. 121-131). Lexington, MA: Lexington.

Wilson, L. L. and Stith, S. (1991 ). Culturally Sensitive Therapy With Black Clients. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 19, 32-43.

Wilt, Susan. A., Illman, Susan M., and Brodyfield, Maia ( 1997). Female Homicide Victims in New York City 1990- 1994. New York: New York City Department of Health, Injury Prevention Program.

Wray, R., Hornik, R., Gandy, O., Stryker, J., Ghez, M., Mitchell-Clark, K. (2004). Preventing Domestic Violence in the African American Community: Assessing the Impact of a Dramatic Radio Serial. Journal of Health Communication, 9(1): 31-52.

Wright, E. A. (1 998). Not a Black and White Issue: For Battered and Abused Latinas and Black Women, Dialing 911 May Be Risky Business. On the Issues, (Winter), 42-47.

Wright, R., and Thomas, J. (2003). Disproportionate Representation: Communities of Color in the Domestic Violence, Juvenile Justice, and Child Welfare Systems. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 54(4), 87-96.

Wyatt, Gail, Axelrod, Julie, and Loeb, Tamra Burns (2000). Patterns of Vulnerability to Domestic Violence among African American Women. Violence Against Women, 6(5lMay), 495-.

Yoshioka, M. R., Gilbert, L., El-Bassel, N., and Baig Amin, M. (2003). Social Support and Disclosure of Abuse: A Comparison of African American, Hispanic, and South Asian Battered Women.  Journal of Family Violence, 18(3), 171-180.


C. Asian, South Asian, Southeast Asian, Pacific Island

1. General (Including Articles with More than One Asian, South Asian, Southeast Asian or Pacific Island Group)

Asbury, Jo-Ellen (1999). What Do We Know Now About Spouse Abuse in Families of Color in the United States? In Robert L. Hampton (Ed.), Family Violence (Second Edition) (pp.148-167). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence (2003).  Reference Bibliography by Ethnicity.  San Francisco: Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence.  Available at www.apiahf.org/apidvinstitute/Research%20&%20Policy/bibliographies.htm.

Bhaunik, M. (1988). A Study of Wife Abuse in Two Cultures: The American and the Asian American. Los Angeles: Micrographics Dept., Doheny Library, University of Southern California.

Burgonio-Watson, Thelma (1999). Seeking Justice, Seeking Healing: An Asian Pacific Islander Immigrant’s Perspective. The Journal of Religion and Abuse: Advocacy, Pastoral Care and Prevention, 1(4).

Campbell, Doris Williams, Masaki, Beckie, and Torres, Sara (1997). Water on Rock: Changing Domestic Violence Perceptions in the African- American, Asian American, and Latino Communities. In Ethel Klein, Jacquelyn Campbell, Esta Soler, and Maressa Ghez (Eds.), Ending Domestic Violence (pp. 64-87). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Chen, Shana (2000). The Immigrant Women of the Violence Against Women Act: The Role of the Asian American Consciousness in the Legislative Process. Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law, 1: 823-848.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das (2005). Battered South Asian Women in U.S. Courts. Unpub. Ms. Manavi, N.J.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das (2000). Charting the Course: An Overview of Domestic Violence in the South Asian Community in the United States. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 173-185.

Domestic Violence in Asian & Pacific Islander Communities National Summit 2002: Proceedings. San Francisco: Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence.

Gabler, Michelle, Stern, Steven E., Miserandino, Marianne (1998). Latin American, Asian, and American Cultural Differences in Perceptions of Spousal Abuse. Psychological Reports, 83(2), 587-592.

Gill, Aisha (2004). Voicing the Silent Fear: South Asian Women’s Experiences of Domestic Violence. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 43(5): 465-483.

Gill, A., and G. Rehman. 2004. Empowerment through Activism: Responding to Domestic Violence in the South Asian Community in London. Gender and Development, 12(1), 75-82.

Goel, Rashmi (2004). Sita’s Trousseau: Restorative Justice, Domestic Violence, and South Asian Culture. Violence Against Women, 11(5), 639-635.

Hampton, Robert, Carrillo, Ricardo, and Kim, Joan (1998). Violence in Communities of Color. In Ricardo Carrillo and Jerry Tello (Eds.), Family Violence and Men of Color: Healing the Wounded Male Spirit (pp. 1-30).New York: Springer.

Ho, C. K. (1990). An Analysis of Domestic Violence in Asian American Communities: A Multicultural Approach to Counseling. In L. S. Brown and M. Root (Eds.), Diversity and Complexity in Feminist Therapy (pp. 129-150). New York: Harrington Park.

Huisman, K. A. (1996). Wife Battering in Asian American Communities: Identifying the Service Needs of an Overlooked Segment of the U.S. Population. Violence Against Women, 2(3), 260-283.

Jang, D. (1998). Asian Immigrant Women Fight Domestic Violence. In G. Kirk and M. Okazawa-Rey (Eds.), Women's Lives: Multicultural Perspectives (pp. 179-181). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Lai, T. A. (1986). Asian Women: Resisting the Violence. In M. C. Burns (Ed.), The Speaking Profits Us: Violence in the Lives of Women of Color (pp. 8-11). Seattle, W A: Center for the Prevention of Sexual and Domestic Violence.

Lee, M. and P.F.M. Law (2001). Perception of Sexual Violence against Women in Asian American Communities. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 10(2): 3-26.

Lemberg, Jeff (2002). Women-Asia/U.S.: Abuse in South Asian Marriages May Be High. Interpress Service (July 26). Global Information Network.

Lotus Project: Domestic Violence Prevention in the Asian American Communities (manual) (1999).  San Francisco: Asian Women’s Shelter.

Lovell, M. L., Iran, T. and Nguyen, C. D. (1987). (Southeast Asian) Refugee Women: Lives in Transition. International Social Work, 30, 317-325.

Lum, J. (1988). Battered Asian Women. Rice, (March), 50-51.

Lum, J. L. (1998). Family Violence. in L. C. Lee and N. W. S. Zane (Eds.), Handbook of Asian American Psychology (pp. 505-525). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Malley-Morrison, Kathleen, and Denise Hines (2004). Family Violence in a Cultural Perspective: Defining, Understanding, and Combating Abuse. Sage

Meng, Eddy ( 1994 ). Mail-Order Brides: Gilded Prostitution and the Legal Response. University of Michigan Journal of Law Ref, 28, 197-.

Natarajan, Mangai (2003). Domestic Violence among Immigrants from India: What We Need to Know—and What We Should Do. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 26(2), 301-322.

Nishioka. J. ( 1992). Asian Women and the Cycle of Abuse. New Moon, 3. Boston: Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence.

Raj, A. and Silverman, J. (2002). Intimate Partner Violence against South Asian Women in Greater Boston. Journal of the American Medical Women’s Association, 57(2), 111-114.

Raj, A., and Silverman, J. (2003). Immigrant South Asian Women at Greater Risk for Injury from Intimate Partner Violence. American Journal of Public Health, 93(3), 435-436.

Rasche, Christine E. (1995). Minority Women and Domestic Violence: The Unique Dilemmas of Battered Women of  Color. In Barbara Raffel Price and Natalie J. Sokoloff(Eds.), The Criminal Justice System and Women: Offenders, Victims, Workers (Second Edition) (pp. 246-261). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Rodriguez, Michael A.; Bauer, Heidi M.; Flores-Ortiz, Yvette; Szkupinski-Quiroga, Seline (1998). Factors Affecting Patient-Physician Communication for Abused Latina and Asian Immigrant Women. Journal of Family Practice, 47 (4),309-.

Rudrappa, Sharmila (2004). Radical Caring in an Ethnic Shelter: South Asian American Women Workers at Apna Ghar, Chicago. Gender & Society, 18(5), 588-609.

Shah, Shivali (2004). Trapped, on a “H-4.” The Hindu, November 28.  Available at http://www.hindu.com/mag/2004/11/28/stories/2004112800380300.htm

Sheehan, H., Javier, R., Thanjan, T., Dasgupta, S., Rahim, H., Purkayashta, B., Abraham, M., Ayyub, R., and Merchant, M. (2000). Domestic Violence in the South Asian Immigrant Community. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 167-259.

Singh, N. Raghu (1999). Wife Burning Cultural Cues for Lethal Violence against Women among Asian Indians in the United States. Violence Against Women, 5(6), 641-654.

Thomas, E. K. (2000). Domestic Violence in the African-American and Asian-American Communities: A Comparative Analysis of Two Racial/Ethnic Minority Cultures and Implications for Mental Health Service Provision for Women of Color. Psychology: A Journal of Human Behavior, 32- 43.

Wang, Karin (1996). Battered Asian American Women: Community Responses from the Battered Women's Movement and the Asian American Community, Asian Law Journal, 3, 151-.

West, Carolyn (1998). Lifting the "Political Gag Order": Breaking the Silence Around Partner Violence in Ethnic Minority Families. In Jana L. Jasinski and Linda M. Williams (Eds.), Partner Violence: A Comprehensive Review of 20 Years of Research (pp. 184-209). Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage.

Yoshioka, M.R., and Dang, Q. (2000). The Asian Family Violence Report: A Study of the Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese Communities in Massachusetts.  Boston: The Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence.

Yoshioka, M. R., DiNoia, J., and Ullah, K. (2000). Attitudes Toward Marital Violence: An Examination of Four Asian Communities. Violence Against Women, 7, 900-926.

Yoshioka, M. R., Gilbert, L., El-Bassel, N., and Baig Amin, M. (2003). Social Support and Disclosure of Abuse: A Comparison of African American, Hispanic, and South Asian Battered Women.  Journal of Family Violence, 18(3), 171-180.

2. Chinese

Cardillo, C. (1997). Violence Against Chinese Women: Defining the Cultural Role. Women’s Rights Law Reporter, 19(1): 85-96.

Chan, S. and Leong, C. W. (1994). Chinese Families in Transition: Cultural Conflicts and Adjustment Problems. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 3(3), 263-281.

Chin, K. L. (1994). Out-of-Town Brides: International Marriage and Wife Abuse among Chinese Immigrants. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 25(1), 53-69.

Hicks, M.H.R., and Li, Z. (2003).  Partner Violence and Major Depression in Women: A Community Study of Chinese Americans. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 191(11), 722-729

Jetter, A. (1989). Fear Is Legacy of Wife Killing in Chinatown: Battered Asians Shocked by Husband's Probation. New York Newsday, November 26, p. 4.

Kirt, E. (2000). Domestic Violence and Detroit: An Ethnic Group Study (Michigan). Unpub. Ph.D. Diss., The Union Institute.

Lee, Mo-Yee. 2000. Understanding Chinese Battered Women in North America: A Review of the Literature and Practice Implications. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 8(3l4), 215-.

Lee, M. and Au, P. (1998). Chinese Battered Women in North America: Their Experiences and Treatment. In A. R. Roberts (Ed.), Battered Women and Their Families: Intervention Strategies and treatment Programs (pp. 448-482). New York: Springer.

Tang, C. S-K. (1998). Psychological Abuse of Chinese Wives. Journal of Family Violence, 13(3): 299-314.

Xu, S., Campbell, J. C., and Zhu, F. C. (2001). Intimate Partner Violence against Chinese Women: The Past, Present, and Future. Trauma Violence and Abuse, 2(4), 296-315.

Yan, E. and C. S-K. Tang (2001). Prevalence and Psychological Impact of Chinese Elder Abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(11): 1158-1174.

Yick, Alice (2001). Feminist Theory and Status Inconsistency Theory:  Application to Domestic Violence in Chinese Immigrant Families. Violence Against Women, 7(5), 545-.

Yick, Alice and Agbanyani-Siewart, Pauline (1997). Perceptions of Domestic Violence in a Chinese American Community. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 12(6), 832-846.

Yick, Alice and Agbayani-Siewert, Pauline (2000). Dating Violence Among Chinese American and White Students: A Sociocultural Context. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 8(1l2), 101-.

Yoshioka, M.R., and Dang, Q. (2000). The Asian Family Violence Report: A Study of the Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese Communities in Massachusetts.  Boston: The Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence.

Yoshioka, Marianne, and DiNoia, Jennifer (2000). Attitudes Toward Marital Violence Among Chinese and Cambodian Adults. Unpub. Ms. Columbia University, School of Social Work.

3. Japanese

Fulcher, J. (2002). Domestic Violence and the Rights of Women in Japan and the United States. Human Rights, 29(3), 16/17.

Yoshihama, Mieko (2000). Reinterpreting Strength and Safety in a Socio-Cultural Context: Dynamics of Domestic Violence and Experiences of Women of Japanese Descent. Children and Youth Services Review, 22(3l4), 207-.

Yoshihama, Mieko (1999). Domestic Violence Against Women of Japanese Descent in Los Angeles: Two Methods of Estimating Prevalence. Violence Against Women, 5(8), 869-.

4. Korean

Kim, Jae Yop and Sung, Kyu-taik (2000). Conjugal Violence in Korean American Families: A Residue of the Cultural Tradition. Journal of Family Violence, 15(4), 331-345.

Pablo, S. and K. Graun (1997). Perceptions of Elder Abuse and Neglect and Help-Seeking Patterns among Filipino and Korean Elderly Women in Honolulu. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 9(2): 63-76.

Peaceful Homes, Healthy Relationships (1999). San Francisco: Asian Women’s Shelter and the Korean American Services Coalition.

Rhee, Siyon (1997). Domestic Violence in the Korean Immigrant Family. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 24 (1), 63-77.

Shin, H. L. (1995). Violence and Intimacy: Risk Markers and Predictors of Wife Abuse among Korean Immigrants. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Southern California.

Song, Y. I.. (1996).  Battered Women in Korean Immigrant Families. NY: Garland.

Song, Y.I. (1992). Battered Korean Women in the Urban United States. In S. Furuto, R. Biswas, D. K. Chung, K.

Murase, and Y. F. Ross-Sheriff (Eds.). Social Work Practice with Asian Americans (pp. 213-226). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Sun-Hee Park, Lisa (1997). Navigating the Anti-Immigrant Wave: The Korean Women's Hotline and the Politics of

Community. In Nancy Naples (Ed.), Community Activism and Feminist Politics: Organizing Across Race, Class and Gender (pp. 175-195). New York: Routledge.

Yim. S (1979). Korean Battered Wife. In W. Sunwoo and L. Kim (Eds.), The Struggle for Humanization. Los Angeles: California State University.

Yim, S. B. (1978). Korean Battered Woman: A Sociological and Psychological Analysis of Conjugal Violence in Korean Immigrant Families. In H. Sunoo and D. Rom (Eds.), Korean Women Struggle for Humanization (pp. 171-199). Memphis, TN: Korean Christian Scholars.

Yoshioka, M.R., and Dang, Q. (2000). The Asian Family Violence Report: A Study of the Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese Communities in Massachusetts.  Boston: The Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence.

5. Vietnamese

Bui, H. N. (2003). Help-Seeking Behavior among Abused Immigrant Women: A Case of Vietnamese American Women. Violence Against Women, 9(2), 207-239.

Bui, Hoan and Morash, Merry (N.D.) Domestic Violence in the Vietnamese Community: An Exploratory Study. Violence Against Women, 5(7), 769-.

Kibria, N. (1993). Family Tightrope: The Changing Lives of Vietnamese Americans. Princeton: Princeton University.

Lovell, M. L., Tran, T. and Nguyen, C. D. (1987).(Southeast Asian) Refugee Women: Lives in Transition. International Social Work, 30, 317-325.

Segal, Uma (2000). A Pilot Exploration of Family Violence among Nonclinical Vietnamese. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(5): 523-.

Tran, Carolee Giaouyen (1997).  Domestic Violence among Vietnamese Refugee Women: Prevalence, Abuse Characteristics, Psychiatric Symptoms, and Psychosocial Factors. Dissertation Abstracts International: B: Sciences & Engineering, 57(11-B), 7239.

Yoshioka, M.R., and Dang, Q. (2000). The Asian Family Violence Report: A Study of the Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese Communities in Massachusetts.  Boston: The Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence.

6. Asian Indian I South Asian

Abraham, Margaret (2000). Fighting Back: Abused Women’s Strategies of Resistance. Speaking the Unspeakable: Marital Violence among South Asian Immigrants in the United States (pp. 132-153). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University.

Abraham, Margaret (2000). Isolation as a Form of Marital Violence: The South Asian Immigrant Experience. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 221-236.

Abraham, Margaret (2000). Speaking the Unspeakable: Marital Violence among South Asian Immigrants in the United States. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University.

Abraham, Margaret (1999). Sexual Abuse in South Asian Immigrant Marriages. Violence Against Women, 5(6), 591-.

Abraham, Margaret (1998). Alienation and Marital Violence in the South Asian Community in the United States. In D. Kaleki-Fishman (Ed.), Designs for Alienation: Exploring Diverse Realities (pp. 175-196). University of Jyvaskyla, Finland: Sophi.

Abraham, Margaret ( 1998). Speaking the Unspeakable: Marital Violence Against South Asian Immigrant Women in the United States. Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 5(2), 215-241.

Abraham, Margaret (1995). Ethnicity, Gender, and Marital Violence: South Asian Women's Organizations in the United States. Gender & Society, 9(4), 450-468.

Adam, N. (2000). Domestic Violence against Women within Immigrant Indian and Pakistani Communities in the United States. Ph.D. thesis. Chicago: University of Illinois.

Ahmad, F., Riaz, S., Barata, P., Stewart, D. (2004). Patriarchal Beliefs and Perceptions of Abuse among South Asian Immigrant Women. Violence Against Women, 10(3): 262-282.

Almeida, Rhea. and Dolan-Delvecchio, Ken (1999). Addressing Culture in Batterers Intervention: The Asian Indian Community as an Illustrative Example. Violence Against Women 5(6), 654-.

Ayyub, Ruksana (2000). Domestic Violence in the South Asian Muslim Immigrant Population in the United States. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 237-248.

Bhattacharjee, Anannya (1997). The Public/Private Mirage: Mapping Homes and Undomesticating Violence Work in the South Asian Indian Community. In M. Jacqui Alexander and Chandra Talpede Mohanty (Eds.), Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, and Democratic Futures (pp. 308-329). New York: Routledge.

Dao, H. (1988). The Battered Southeast Asian Woman: Who Is She? Paper presented at the National Conference Against Domestic Violence Fourth National Conference and Membership Meeting, Seattle, W A.

Dasgupta, K. (1993). Asian Indian Women: Guidelines for Community Intervention in the Event of Abuse. Family Violence & Sexual Assault Bulletin, 9, 25-29.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das (2000). Charting the Course: An Overview of Domestic Violence in the South Asian Community in the United States. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 173-185.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das (1999). Violence Against South Asian Women. [Special Issue]. Violence Against Women, 5(6).

Dasgupta, Shamita Das and Warrier, Sujata (1997). Barriers to Making Change. Invisible Terms: Domestic Violence in the Asian Indian Context (Second Edition). Union, NJ: Manavi.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das and Warrier, Sujata (1996). In the Footsteps of "Arundhati": Asian Indian Women's Experience of Domestic Violence in the United States. Violence Against Women, 2(3), 238-259.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das and Warrier, Sujata (1995, 1997). In Visible Terms: Domestic Violence in the Asian Indian Context. Bloomfield, NJ: Manavi. Also Revised Second Edition, Union, NJ: Manavi.

Ganguly, Anindita (1998). Predictors of Attitudes Towards Wife-Beating among Asian Indians in America. Dissertation Abstracts International: B: the Sciences & Engineering, 58(9-B), 5188.

Kanuha, Valli (1987). Sexual Assault in Southeast Asian Communities: Issues in Intervention. Response to Victimization of Women and Children, 10(3),4-6.

Kirt, E. (2000). Domestic Violence and Detroit: An Ethnic Group Study (Michigan). Unpub. Ph.D. Diss., The Union Institute.

Krishnan, S. P., Baig-Amin, M., Gilbert, L., El-Bassel, N., and Waters, A. (2001). Lifting the Veil of Secrecy: Domestic Violence against South Asian Women in the United States. In S. J. Ferguson (Ed.), Shifting the Center: Understanding Contemporary Families (pp. 442-453). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Krishnan, Satya P., Baig-Amin, Malahat, Gilbert, Louisa, EI-Bassel, Nabila, & Waters, Anne (1998). Lifting the Veil of Secrecy: Domestic Violence Against South Asian Women in the United States. In Shamita Das Dasgupta (Ed.), A Patchwork Shawl: Chronicles of South Asian Women in America (pp. 145-159). New Brunswick: Rutgers University.

Majumdar, Swapna (2005). In India, Domestic Violence Rises with Education. WomensENews, January 6.  Available at www.womensenews.org.

Mehrotra, Meeta (1999).The Social Construction of Wife Abuse: Experiences of Asian Indian Women in the United States. Violence Against Women, 5(6), 619-.

Mehrotra, Meeta ( 1995). Immigrant Status and Wife Abuse: The Experiences of Asian Indian Women. Paper presented at annual meeting for the Sociologists for Women in Society.

Merchant, Munira (2000).A Comparative Study of Agencies Assisting Domestic Violence Victims: Does the South Asian Community Have Special Needs? Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 249-259.

Narayan, Uma (1997). Cross-Cultural Connections, Border-Crossing, and “Death by Culture:” Thinking about Dowry-Murders in India and Domestic-Violence Murders in the United States. Dislocating Culture: Identities, Traditions, and Third World Feminism (Ch. 3, pp. 81-117). New York: Routledge.

Preisser, Amita Bhandari ( 1999). Domestic Violence in South Asian Communities in America: Advocacy and Intervention. Violence Against Women, 5(6), 684-.

Purkayastha, Bandana (2000). Liminal Lives: South Asian Youth and Domestic Violence. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 201-219.

Rahim, Habibeh (2000). Virtue, Gender and the Family: Reflections on Religious Texts in Islam and Hinduism. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 187-171.

Rudrappa, Sharmila (2004). Radical Caring in an Ethnic Shelter: South Asian American Women Workers at Apna Ghar, Chicago. Gender & Society, 18(5), 588-609.

Sheehan, Helen, Javier, Rafael Art, and Thanjan, Theresa (2000). Introduction to the Special Issue on Domestic Violence and the South Asian Community. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 167-171.

Shirwadkar, S. (2004). Canadian Domestic Violence Policy and Indian Immigrant Women. Violence Against Women, 10(8): 860-879.

Singh, Raghu N., and Unnithan, N. Prabha (1999). Wife Burning: Cultural Cues for Lethal Violence against Women among Asian Indians in the United States. Violence Against Women, 5(6), 641-653.

Vaid, Jyotsna (1989). Seeking a Voice: South Asian Women's Groups in North America. In Asian Women United of California (Eds.), Making Waves: An Anthology of Writings By and About Asian American Women (pp. 395-405). Boston: Beacon.

Yoshioka, M.R., and Dang, Q. (2000). The Asian Family Violence Report: A Study of the Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese Communities in Massachusetts.  Boston: The Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence.

7. Asian/Pacific Island

(a). General

Bush, V. (1982). The Silent Crisis of Pacific Asian Women. Western States Shelter Network Review, 6(I0/Ju1y/August).

Eng, Patricia {1995).Domestic Violence in Asian/Pacific Island Communities: A Public Health Issue. In D. L. Adams (Ed.), Health Issues for Women of Color: A Cultural Diversity Perspective (pp. 78-88). Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage.

Hampton, Robert, Carrillo, Ricardo, and Kim, Joan (1998). Violence in Communities of Color. In Ricardo Carrillo and Jerry Tello (Eds.), Family Violence and Men of Color: Healing the Wounded Male Spirit (pp. 1-30). New York: Springer.

Kanuha, Valli Kalei (2003). Exploring the Construction of Violence Against Women and Children. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Ling, Margarita Wan, and Tax, Cheng Imm (1999). Holding Up More than Half the Heavens. In Amy Kesselman, Lily McNair, and Nancy Schniedewind (Eds.). Women, Images and Realities: A Multicultural Anthology ( Second Edition) (pp. 432-435). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Rimonte, Nilda (1991). A Question of Culture: Cultural Approval of Violence against Women in the Pacific-

Island Community and the Cultural Defense. Stanford Law Review, 43, 1311-1326.

Rimonte, Nilda (1989). Domestic Violence among Pacific Asians.  In Asian Women United of California (Eds.). Making Waves: An Anthology of Writings By and About Asian American Women (pp. 327-336). Boston: Beacon.

Yoshihama. M., Parekh. A. L., and Boyington, D. (1991). Dating Violence in Asian/Pacific Communities. In B. Levy (Ed.), Dating Violence: Young Women in Danger (pp. 184-301). Seattle: Seal.

Yoshioka, M. R., Gilbert, L., and El-Bassel, N. (In press). Social Support and Disclosure of Abuse: A Comparison of African American, Hispanic, and South Asian Battered Women.  Journal of Family Violence.

(b). Filipina/o

Agtuca, Jacqueline, in collaboration with the Asian Women's Shelter (1992). A Community Secret: For the Filipina in an Abusive Relationship. Seattle: Seal.

Bundang, Rachel (1999). Scars ARE History: Colonialism, Written on the Body." In Nantawan Boonprasat Lewis and Marie Fortune (Eds.). Remembering Conquest: Feminist/Womanist Perspectives on Religion, Colonization, and Sexual Violence (pp. 53- 70). New York: Haworth Pastoral/Haworth.

Lee, Romeo (2004). Filipino Men’s Familial Roles and Domestic Violence: Implications and Strategies for Community-Based Intervention. Health & Social Care in the Community, 12(5), 422-429.

Marin, Leni, Ed. (1996). Organizing a Community-Based Response to Domestic Violence: The Filipino Experience. Family Violence Prevention Fund. (Suite 304, San Francisco, CA 94103. 415-252-8900. www.fvpf.org.)

Pablo, S. and K. Graun (1997). Perceptions of Elder Abuse and Neglect and Help-Seeking Patterns among Filipino and Korean Elderly Women in Honolulu. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 9(2): 63-76.

Ramiro, L.S., Madrid, B.J., and Amarillo, L.E. (2004). Domestic Violence in Urban Filipino Families. Asian Journal of Women’s Studies, 10(2), 97-119.

8. Cambodian

Frye, Barbara, and D’Avanzo, Carolyn (1994).  Cultural Themes in Family Stress and Violence among Cambodian Refugee Women in the Inner City. Advances in Nursing Science, 16(3), 64-77.

Kulig, J.C. (1994). Those with Unheard Voices: The Plight of a Cambodian Refugee Woman. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 11, 99-107.

Yoshioka, M.R., and Dang, Q. (2000). The Asian Family Violence Report: A Study of the Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, South Asian, and Vietnamese Communities in Massachusetts.  Boston: The Asian Task Force Against Domestic Violence.

Yoshioka, Marianne, and DiNoia, Jennifer (2000). Attitudes Toward Marital Violence Among Chinese and Cambodian Adults. Unpub. Ms. Columbia University, School of Social Work.

Yoshioka, M., J. DiNoia, and K. Ullah. Attitudes toward Marital Violence: An Examination of Four Asian Communities. Violence against Women, 7(8): 900-926.

9. Hmong

Kaiser, T. (2003). Achieving Shared Meaning in Cross-Cultural Dialogue: Understanding a Hmong Family’s Response to Marital Violence. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 12(3): 29-54.


D. Arab

Haj-Yahia, Muhammad (2000). Wife Abuse and Battering in the Sociocultural Context of Arab Society. Family Process, 39(2), 237-255.

Kulwicki, Anahid Devartanian, and Miller, June (1999). Domestic Violence in the Arab American Population: Transforming Environmental Conditions through Community Education.  Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 20(3), 199-215.

Rabin, Barbara, Markus, Elliot, and Voghera, Nira (1999). A Comparative Study of Jewish and Arab Battered Women Presenting in an Emergency Room of a General Hospital." Social Work in Health Care 29 (2) , 69-.


E. Latina or Hispanic

1. General (Including More than One Latina or Hispanic Group)

Aldarondo, Etiony, Kantor, Glenda Kaufman, Jasinski, Jana (2002). A Risk Marker Analysis of Wife Assault in Latino Families. Violence Against Women, 8(4), 429-454.

Arbuckle, Justin et al (1996). Safe at Home? Domestic Violence and Other Homicides Among Women in New Mexico. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 27, 210-215.

Arguelles, Lordes and Rivero, Anne (1993). Gender/Sexual Orientation Violence and Transnational Migration: Conversations with Some Latinas We Think We Know.  Urban Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development, 22(Fall/Winter): 259-275.

Asbury, Jo-Ellen (1999). What Do We Know Now About Spouse Abuse in Families of Color in the United States? In Robert L. Hampton (Ed.), Family Violence (Second Edition) (pp.148-167). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Baba, Yoko, and Murray, Susan (2002). Race and Domestic Violence: A Comparative Study of African American, Latina, and White Women. Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology, 30(2), 165-176.

Berenson, A. B. (1991). Drug Abuse and Other Risk Factors for Physical Abuse in Pregnancy among White Non-Hispanic, Black, and Hispanic Women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 164(6), 1491-1499.

Bonilla-Santiago, Gloria. (1996). Latina Battered Women: Barriers to Service Delivery and Cultural Considerations. In Albert R. Roberts (Ed.), Helping Battered Women: New Perspectives and Remedies (pp. 229- 234). New York: Oxford University.

Caetano, R. and C. Cunradi (2003). Intimate Partner Violence and Depression among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. Annals of Epidemiology, 13(10), 661-665.

Caetano, R., Cunradi, C., Schafer, J., and Clark, C..(1997). Partner Violence and Drinking among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics in the U.S. Presented at the 1997 Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism, San Francisco, CA.

Caetano, Raul, Schafer, John, and Raspberry, Kelly. (2000). Intimate Partner Violence, Acculturation, and Alcohol Consumption among Hispanic Couples in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(1), 30-.

Caetano, R., S. Ramisetty-Mikler, and C. McGrath (2004). Acculturation, Drinking, and Intimate Partner Violence among Hispanic Couples in the United States: A Longitudinal Study. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 26(1), 60-78.

Campbell, Doris Williams, Masaki, Beckie, and Torres, Sara (1997). Water on Rock: Changing Domestic Violence Perceptions in the African- American, Asian American, and Latino Communities. In Ethel Klein, Jacquelyn Campbell, Esta Soler, and Maressa Ghez (Eds.), Ending Domestic Violence (pp. 64-87). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Castro, Roberto, Peek-Asa, Corinne, Garcia, Lorena, Ruiz, Agustin, and Kraus, Jess (2003). Risks for Abuse against Pregnant Hispanic Women: Morelos, Mexico and Los Angeles County, California. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 25(4), 325-.

Cherlin, Andrew, Burton, Linda, Hurt, Tera, and Purvin, Diane (2004). The Influence of Physical and Sexual Abuse on Marriage and Cohabitation. American Sociological Review, 69(Dec): 768-789.

Curandi, C. B., Caetano, R., Clark, C. L., and Schafer, J. (1999). Alcohol-Related Problems and Intimate Partner Violence among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the U.S. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 23, 1492-1501.

Cunradi, C.B., Caetano, R., and Schafer, J. (2002). Socioeconomic Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the United States. Journal of Family Violence, 17(4): 377-389.

deMendoza, V. B. (    ). Culturally Appropriate Care for Pregnant Latina Women Who Are Victims of Domestic Abuse. 2001. JOGNN, 30(6), 579-588. (J. B. Lippincott)

De Vidas, M. (1999). Childhood Sexual Abuse and Domestic Violence: A Support Group for Latino Gay Men and Lesbians. Journal of Gay and Lesbian Social Services, 10(2), 51-68.

Douglas, C. A. (1990 May). Central American Women: Battered in the USA. Off Our Backs, 3 and 7.

Dutton, M. A. (2000). Characteristics of Help-seeking Behaviors, Resources and Service Needs of Battered Immigrant Latinas: Legal and Policy Implications. Georgetown Journal On Poverty Law & Policy, 7(2).

Fine, Michelle, Roberts, Rosemarie A., Weis, Lois (1998). Refusing the Betrayal: Latinas Redefining Gender, Sexuality, Family and Home. Unpublished Manuscript. New York.

Fine, Michelle and Weis, Lois (1998). Crime Stories: A Critical Look Through Race, Ethnicity and Gender. Qualitative Studies in Education, 11 (3), 435-460.

Fine, Michelle and Lois Weis (1998). The Unknown City: The Lives of Poor and Working-Class Young Adults. Beacon.

Flores-Ortiz, Y. (1993). La Mujer y La Violencia: A Culturally Based Model for the Understanding and Treatment of Domestic Violence in Chicana/Latina Communities.  In N. Alarcon et al. (Eds.) Chicana Critical Issues, 169-182.

Gabler, Michelle, Stern, Steven E., Miserandino, Marianne (1998). Latin American, Asian, and American Cultural Differences in Perceptions of Spousal Abuse. Psychological Reports, 83(2), 587-592.

Garcia, Lorena, Hurwitz, Eric, and Kraus, Jess (2005). Acculturation and Reported Intimate Partner Violence among Latinas in Los Angeles. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 20(5), 569-590.

Gondolf, E. W., Fisher, E., and McFerron, J. R. (1988). Racial Differences among Shelter Residents: A Comparison of Anglo, Black, and Hispanic Battered Women. Journal of Family Violence, 3(1), 39-51.

Gorton, J. and Van Hightower, N. R. (1999). Intimate Victimization of Latina Farm Workers: A Research Summary. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 21, 502-507.

Hampton, Robert, Carrillo, Ricardo, and Kim, Joan (1998). Violence in Communities of Color. In Ricardo Carrillo and Jerry Tello (Eds.), Family Violence and Men of Color: Healing the Wounded Male Spirit (pp. 1-30).New York: Springer.

Hinson, J., Koverola, C., and Morahan, M. (2002). An Empirical Investigation of the Psychological Sequelae of Childhood Sexual Abuse in an Adult Latina Population. Violence Against Women, 8(7), 816-844.

Ibanez, Gladys. 2002. El Encuentro: A Gathering of Researchers and Community Members, March 14-15, 2002.  New York: National Latino Alliance for the Elimination of Domestic Violence.

Jasinski, Jana L. (2001). Physical Violence among Anglo, African American, and Hispanic Couples: Ethnic Differences in Persistence and Cessation. Violence and Victims, 16(5), 479-490.

Jasinski, Jana L. (1996). Structural Inequalities, Family and Cultural Factors, and Spousal Violence Among Anglo and Hispanic Americans. Unpublished doctoral Dissertation, University of New Hampshire, Durham.

Jasinski, J. L., Asdigian, N. L., and Kaufman Kantor, G. (In press). Ethnic Adaptations to Occupational Strain: Work Stress, Drinking, and Wife Assault among Anglo and Hispanic Husbands. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Kaufman Kantor, G., Jasinski, J., and Aldarondo, Ed (1994). Socio-cultural Status and Incidence of Marital Violence in Hispanic Families. Violence and Victims, 9(3), 207-222.

Krishnan, Satya, Hilbert, Judith, and McNeil, K. (2004). Understanding Domestic Violence in Multi-Ethnic Rural Communities: A Focus on Collaboration Among Courts, Law Enforcement Agencies, and the Shelters. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service (191863).

Krishan, S., Hilbert, J., Van Leeuwen, D. And Kolia, R. (1997). Documenting Domestic Violence among Ethnically Diverse Populations: Results from a Preliminary Study. Family and Community Health, 30, 317- 325.

Low, Goergiana, and Organista, Kurt (2000). Latinas and Sexual Assault: Towards Culturally Sensitive Assessment and Intervention. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 8(1/2), 131-157.

Malley-Morrison, Kathleen, and Denise Hines (2004). Family Violence in a Cultural Perspective: Defining, Understanding, and Combating Abuse. Sage

Mattson, Susan, and Rodriguez, Ester (1999). Battering in Pregnant Latinas. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 20(4), 405-422.

McFarlane, J., Malecha, A., Gist, J., Watson, K., Battern, E., Hall, I., Smith, S. (2004). Protection Orders and Intimate Partner Violence: An 18-Month Study of 150 Black, Hispanic, and White Women. American Journal of Public Health, 94(4): 613-618.

McFarlane, J., Wiist, W., and Soeken, K. (1999). Use of Counseling by Abused Pregnant Hispanic Women. Journal of Women’s Health and Gender-Based Medicine, 8, 541-546.

McFarlane, J., Wiist, W., and Watson, M. (1998). Characteristics of  Physical Abuse Against Pregnant Hispanic Women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 15, 134-138.

Mederos, F. (1997). National Symposium on La Violencia Domestica: An Emerging Dialogue among Latinos.  Paper presented at the National Symposium on La Violencia Domestica, Washington, DC.

Medina, Adelita, and Janice Cruz. 2004. Creating Awareness and Raising Consciousness about Domestic Violence in Latino Communities. New York: National Latino Alliance for the Elimination of Domestic Violence (Alizana Latina Nacional Para Erradicar la Violencia Domestica).

Murdaugh, C., Hunt, S., Sowell, R., Santana, I. (2004). Domestic Violence in Hispanics in the Southeastern United States: A Survey and Needs Analysis. Journal of Family Violence, 19(2): 107-115.

Nam, Y., Tolman, R. (2002). Partner Abuse and Welfare Receipt among African American and Latino Women Living in a Low-Income Neighborhood. Social Work Research, 26(4): 241-251.

Pearlman, Deborah, Zierler, Sally, Gjelsvik, and Verhoek-Oftedahl (2003). Neighborhood Environment, Racial Position, and Risk of Police-Reported Domestic Violence: A Contextual Analysis. Public Health Reports, 118, 44-58.

Perilla, J. L. (1999). Domestic Violence as a Human Rights Issue: The Case of Immigrant Latinos. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 21(2), 107-133.

Peril1a, J. L., Bakeman, R, and Norris, F. H. (1994).Culture and Domestic Violence: The Ecology of Abused Latinas. Violence and Victims, 9(4), 325-339.

Raj, A., J. G. Silverman, and H. Amaro. 2004. Abused Women Report Greater Male Partner Risk and Gender-Based Risk for HIV: Findings from a Community-Based Study with Hispanic Women. AIDS Care, 16(4), 519-529.

Ramos, B. and B. Carlson (2004). Lifetime Abuse and Mental Health Distress among English-Speaking Latinas. Affilia, 19(3): 239-256.

Rasche, Christine E. (1995). Minority Women and Domestic Violence: The Unique Dilemmas of Battered Women of Color. In Barbara Raffel Price and Natalie J. Sokoloff (Eds.), The Criminal Justice System and Women: Offenders, Victims, Workers (Second Edition) (pp. 246-261). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Rios, E. (199_). Double Jeopardy: Cultural and Systemic Barriers Faced by Latin Battered Women. In Cynthia R. Danilles (Ed.), Feminists Negotiate the State (pp. ___-___). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Rivera, Jenny (1997/1998). Preliminary Report: Availability of Domestic Violence Services for Latina Survivors in New York State. In the Public Interest, 16, 1-32.

Rodriguez, M. (2003). Cultural and Linguistic Competence: Improving Quality in Family Violence Health Care Interventions. Clinics in Family Practice, 5(1): 211-234.

Rivera, Jenny (1997). Domestic Violence Against Latinas by Latino Males: An Analysis of Race, National Origin, and Gender Differentials. In Adrien Katherine Wing (Ed.), Critical Race Feminism: A Reader (pp. 259- 266). New York: New York University.

Rodriguez, Michael A.; Bauer, Heidi M.; Flores-Ortiz, Yvette; Szkupinski-Quiroga, Seline (1998). Factors Affecting Patient-Physician Communication for Abused Latina and Asian Immigrant Women. Journal of Family Practice. 47(4), 309-.

Rodriguez, R. (2004). Community Partnership Models Addressing Violence Against Migrant and Seasonal Farmworker Women. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service ().

Russel y Rodriguez, Monica (1997). (En)countering Domestic Violence, Complicity, and Definitions of Chicana Womanhood. Voces: A Journal of Chicano/Latina Studies, 1(2), 104-141. (Berkeley: Chicana/Latina Research Center).

Santiago, Anna M. and Morash, Merry (1995). Strategies for Serving Latina Battered Women. In J. A. Garber and R. S. Turner (Eds.), Gender in Urban Research (pp. 219-235). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Soriano, Fernando and Austin, James (2004). A Comparison of Partner Violence in Latino Communities: Migrant Workers, Immigrants, and Non-Immigrants. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Straus, M. A., and Smith, C. (1990). Violence in Hispanic Families in the United States: Incidence Rates and Structural Interpretations. In M. A. Straus and R. J. Gelles (Eds.), Physical Violence in American Families: Risk Factors and Adaptations to Violence in 8,145 Families (pp. 341-368).New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

Torres, S. (1987). Hispanic-American Battered Women: Why Consider Cultural Differences? Response to the Victimization of Women and Children, 9(1), 20-21.

Torres, S. (1991). A Comparison of Wife Abuse between Two Cultures: Perceptions, Attitudes, Nature and Extent. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 12, 113-131.

Torres, S., and Han, H. (2000). Psychological Distress in Non-Hispanic White and Hispanic Abused Women. Arch. Psychiatric Nursing, 14(1), 19-29.

Vidales, Guadalupe, Dombrink, John, and Jenness, Valerie. 2000. Mexican American Immigrant Women and Domestic Violence: Barriers to Asserting Rights, Accessing Services and Pursuing Justice. Unpub. Ms. Irvine, CA: University of California.

Vranich, Belisa (2004). Miami Latinas Creating Haven from Abuse (August 05). Available at www.womensenews.com

West, Carolyn (1998). Lifting the "Political Gag Order": Breaking the Silence Around Partner Violence in Ethnic Minority Families. In Jana L. Jasinski and Linda M. Williams (Eds.), Partner Violence: A Comprehensive Review of 20 Years of Research (pp. 184-209). Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage.

West, Carolyn M., Jasinski, Jana L., and Kaufman Kantor, Glenda (1997). Predictors of Help Seeking by Hispanic and Anglo Battered Women. Manuscript submitted for publication.

Wist, William, and McFarlane, Judith (1998). Severity of Spousal and Intimate Partner Abuse to Pregnant Hispanic Women. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 9, 248-261.

Wist, William and McFar1ane, Judith (1998). Severity of Spousal and Intimate  Partner Abuse to Pregnant Hispanic Women. Journal of Health Care Poor Underserved, 9(3), 248-261.

Wist, William and McFar1ane, Judith (1998). Utilization of Police by Abused Pregnant Hispanic Women. Violence Against Women, 4(6), 677-693.

Wright, E. A. (1998). Not a Black and White Issue: For Battered and Abused Latinas and Black Women, Dialing 911 May Be Risky Business. On the Issues, (Winter), 42-47.

Yoshioka, M. R., Gilbert, L., El-Bassel, N., and Baig Amin, M. (2003). Social Support and Disclosure of Abuse: A Comparison of African American, Hispanic, and South Asian Battered Women.  Journal of Family Violence, 18(3), 171-180.

Zambrano, M. M. (1994). No Mas! Guia Para La Mujer Golpeada. Seattle: Seal.

Zambrano, M. M. (1985). For the Latina in an Abusive Relationship. Seattle: Seal.

2. Mexicana / Chicana

Arbuckle, Justin et al. (1996). Safe at Home? Domestic Violence and Other Homicides Among Women in New Mexico. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 27, 210-215.

Carroll, J. C. (1980).A Cultural Consistency Theory of Family Violence in Mexican American and Jewish Ethnic Groups. In G. T. Hotaling and M. A. Straus (Eds.), The Social Causes of Husband-Wife Violence (pp. 93- 106). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.

Davila, Y. R., and Brackley, M. H. (1999). Mexican and Mexican American Women in Battered Women’s Shelter: Barrier to Condom Negotiation for HIV/AIDS Prevention. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 20, 333-355.

Dimmitt, J. (1996). Woman Abuse, Assimilation, and Self-Concept in a Rural Mexican American Community. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 18(4), 508-522.

Dimmitt, J. (1995). Rural Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic White Women: Effects of Abuse on Self-Concept. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 2(2), 54-63.

Fernandez-Esquer, Maria Eugenia, and McCloskey, Laura Ann (1999). Coping with Partner Abuse among Mexican American and Anglo Women: Ethnic and Socioeconomic Influences." Violence and Victims, 14 (3/Fall), 293-310.

Firestone, Juanita, Lambert, Linda, and Vega, William (1999). Intimate Violence among Women of Mexican Origin: Correlates of Abuse. Journal of Gender, Culture, and Health, 4(2), 119-.

Lown, E. A., and Vega, W. A. (2001). Intimate Partner Violence and Health: Self-Assessed Health, Chronic Health, and Somatic Symptoms among Mexican American Women. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63, 352-360.

Lown, E. A., and Vega, W. A. (2001). Partner Abuse among Mexican American Women. American Journal of Public Health, 91, 441-445.

McGruder-Johnson, Anita, Davidson, E., Gleaves, D., Stock, W., and Finch, J. (2000). Interpersonal Violence and Posttraumatic Symptomatology: The Effects of Ethnicity, Gender, and Exposure to Violent Events. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15(2), 205-221.

Neff, James Allan, Holamon, Bruce and Schulter, Tracy Davis (1995). Spousal Violence among Anglos, Blacks, and Mexican Americans: The Role of Demographic Variables, Psychosocial Predictors, and Alcohol Consumption. Journal of Family Violence, 10(1), 1-21.

Russel y Rodriguez, Monica (1997). (En)countering Domestic Violence, Complicity, and Definitions of Chicana Womanhood. In Voces: A Journal of Chicana/Latina Studies, 1(2), 104-141. (Berkeley: Chicana/Latina Research Center.)

Sorenson, Susan B. and Telles, Cynthia A. (1991). Self-Reports of Spousal Violence in a Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic White Population. Violence and Victims, 6(1), 3-15.

Sugihara, Y. and J. Warner (2002). Dominance and Domestic Abuse among Mexican Americans: Gender Differences in the Etiology of Violence in Intimate Relationships. Journal of Family Violence, 17(4): 315-340.

Sugihara, Y., and Warner, J. A. (1999). Mexican-American Male Batterers on the MCMI-III. Psychological Reports, 85, 163-169.

Teran, Lee J. (1999).Barriers to Protection at Home and Abroad: Mexican Victims of Domestic Violence and the Violence Against Women Act. Boston University International Law Journal, 17 (1/Spring), 1-.

3. Puerto Rican

Fine, Michelle, Weis, Lois, and Roberts, Rosemarie (2005). Puerto Rican Battered Women Redefining Gender, Sexuality, Culture, Violence, and Resistance.  In Natalie J. Sokoloff (Ed.) (with Christina Pratt), Domestic Violence at the Margins: Readings in Race, Class, Gender & Culture (pp. 272-292). Piscataway, N.J.: Rutgers University.

Fine, Michelle, Weis, Lois, with Roberts, Rosemarie (1998). Refusing the Betrayal: Latinas Redefining Gender, Sexuality, Family and Home. The Unknown City: Lives of Poor and Working-Class Young Adults (pp. 206- 227). Boston: Beacon.

Finlinson, H., D. Oliver Velez, S. Deren, J. Cant, H. Colon, R. Robles, and J. Andia (2003). Puerto Rican Drug Users’ Experiences of Physical and Sexual Abuse: Comparisons Based on Gender and Developmental Stage.  Violence Against Women, 9(7): 839-858.

Romany, Celina (1994). Killing "the Angel in the House": Digging for the Political Vortex of Male Violence Against Women. In M.A. Fineman and R. Mykitiuk (Eds.), The Public Nature of Private Violence: The Discovery of Domestic Abuse (pp. 285-302). New York: Routledge.

Toro-Alfonso, Jose (1999). Domestic Violence Among Same-Sex Partners in the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Communities In Puerto Rico: Approaching the Issue. In Beth Leventhal & Sandra Lundy, Eds. Same-Sex Domestic Violence: Strategies for Change (pp.156-   ). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Toro-Alfonso, J. and Rodriguez-Madera, S. (2004). Domestic Violence in Puerto Rican Gay Male Couples: Perceived Prevalence, Intergenerational Violence, Addictive Behaviors, and Conflict Resolution Skills. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(6): 639-654.


F. Native American / American Indian

1. General (Includes More than One Native American Group)

Allen, Paula Gunn (1985). Violence and the American Indian Women. In Working Together to Prevent Sexual and Domestic Violence. Seattle, WA: Center for the Prevention of Sexual and Domestic Violence.

American Indian Women Against Domestic Violence (1984). Position Paper. St. Paul: Minnesota Coalition for Battered Women.

Arbuckle, Justin et al (1996). Safe at Home? Domestic Violence and Other Homicides Among Women in New Mexico. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 27, 210-215.

Asbury, Jo-Ellen (1999). What Do We Know Now About Spouse Abuse in Families of Color in the United States? In Robert L. Hampton (Ed.), Family Violence (Second Edition) (pp.148-167). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Bachman, R. (1992). Death and Violence on the Reservation: Homicide, Family Violence, and Suicide in American Indian Populations. Westport, CT: Auburn House.

Chester, B., Robin, R. W., Koss, M. P., Lopez, J., Goldman, D. (1994). Grandmother Dishonored: Violence Against Women by Male Partners in American Indian Communities. Violence and Victims, 9(3), 241-258.

Clark, D. W. (2001). Domestic Violence Screening, Policies, and Procedures in Indian Health Service Facilities. Journal—American Board of Family Practice, 14(4), 252-258.

Coker, Donna (1999). Enhancing Autonomy for Battered Women: Lessons from Navajo Peacemaking. UCLA Law Review, October, 47 (1).

Davis, K., and Taylor, B. (2002). Voices from the Margins Part 1: Narrative Accounts of Indigenous Family Violence. Contemporary Nurse, 14(1), 66-75.

Enos, V. Pualani (2004). Learning from the Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women Involved with Child Protective Services to Inform a Dialogue among Domestic Violence Activists and Advocates. San Francisco: Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence.  Available at www.apaiahf.org/apidvinstitute/PDF/EnosReport.pdf.

Fairchild, D.G., Fairchild, M.W., and Stone, S. (1998). Prevalence of Adult Domestic Violence among Women Seeking routine Care in a Native American Health Care Facility. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1515-1517.

Goel, Rashmi (2000). No Women at the Center: The Use of the Canadian Sentencing Circle in Domestic Violence Cases. Wisconsin Women’s Law Journal, 15: 293-334. (Native Canadian)

Hamby, Sherry L. (2000). The Importance of Community in a Feminist Analysis of Domestic Violence among American Indians. American Journal of Community Psychology, 28(5), 649-.

Harwell, T., K. Moore, and M. Spencer (2003). Physical Violence, Intimate Partner Violence, and Emotional Abuse among Adult American Indian Men and Women in Montana. Preventive Medicine, 37(4): 297-303.

Kirt, E. (2000). Domestic Violence and Detroit: An Ethnic Group Study (Michigan). Unpub. Ph.D. Diss., The Union Institute.

Krishan, S., Hilbert, J., Van Leeuwen, D. And Kolia, R. (1997). Documenting Domestic Violence among Ethnically Diverse Populations: Results from a Preliminary Study. Family and Community Health, 30, 317-325.

Lederer, Edith (2005). UN: Indigenous Women Victims of Violence. Associated Press Wire, March 11.  Available at http://www.ohio.com/mld/ohio/2005/03/05/news/local/11109723.htm.

Leftoff, Sandra (2004). How the Annual IACP Conference Helps: Stopping Domestic Violence in Indian Country. Police Chief, 71(8): 53-58.

Magen, Randy (2004). Violence Against Athabascan Native Women in the Cooper River Basin. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Malcoe, Lorraine Halinka, Bonnie Duran and Juliann Montgomery (2004). Socioeconomic Disparities in Intimate Partner Violence against Native American Women: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Medicine (May 24). Available at www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/2/20.

Malcoe, L, B. Duran, and E. Ficek (2002). Social Stressors in Relation to Intimate Partner Violence against Native American Women. Annals of Epidemiology, 12(7): 525-.

Malley-Morrison, Kathleen, and Denise Hines (2004). Family Violence in a Cultural Perspective: Defining, Understanding, and Combating Abuse. Sage.

McKelvey, Tara (2004). Domestic Abuse: How the U.S. Government is Violating Native Americans’ Human Rights (October 2).  Available at: http://www.prospect.org/web/view-print.ww?id=8552.

McGillivray, Anne, and Brenda Comaskey (1999). Black Eyes All of the Time: Intimate Violence, (Canadian) Aboriginal Women, and the Justice System.  Toronto: University of Toronto.

McIntire, M. (1988). Societal Barriers Faced by American Indian Battered Women. Women Nations Newsletter, Summer.

Murray, Virginia H. (1998). Traditional Legal Perspective: A Comparative Survey of the Historic Civil, Common, and American Indian Tribal Law Responses to Domestic Violence. Oklahoma City University Law Review 23, 433-.

Norton, H. M. and Manson, S. M. (1995). A Silent Minority: Battered American Indian Women. Journal of Family Violence, 10(3), 307-318.

Peacock, T., George, L., Wilson, A., Bergstrom, A. & Pence, E. (2004). Community-Based Analysis of the U.S. Legal System’s Intervention in Domestic Abuse Cases Involving Indigenous Women. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service (199358).

Radon, A. (2004). Tribal Jurisdiction and Domestic Violence: The Need for Non-Indian Accountability on the Reservation. University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform, 37(4): 1275-1312.

Schmieder, S. (2003). The Failure of the Violence Against Women Act’s Full Faith and Credit Provision in Indian Country: An Argument for Amendment. University of Colorado Law Review, 74(2), 765-794.

Smith, Andrea and Ross, Luana (Eds.) (2004). Native Women and State Violence.  Special Edition of Social Justice, 31(4).

Smith, Andrea and Ross, Luana (2004). Introduction: Native Women and State Violence.  Special Edition of Social Justice, 31(4): 1-7.

Smith, Andrea (2003). Not an Indian Tradition: The Sexual Colonization of Native Peoples. Hypatia, 18(2): 70-.

Thurman, Pamela Jumper, et al. (2003). Violence against Indian Women, Final Revised Report. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service (198828).

Valencia-Weber, Gloria, and Zuni, Christine (1995). Domestic Violence and Tribal Protection of Indigenous Women in the United States. St. John's Law Review, 69 (Winter/Spring), 69-.

Violence Against Native Women Is Not Traditional (1998).Rapid City, S.D.:  Sacred Circle/Cangleska.

Wahab, Stephanie, and Olson, Lenora (2004). Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Assault in Native American Communities. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse, 5(4), 353-366.

West, Carolyn (1998). Lifting the "Political Gag Order": Breaking the Silence Around Partner Violence in Ethnic Minority Families. In Jana L. Jasinski and Linda M. Williams (Eds.), Partner Violence: A Comprehensive Review of 20 Years of Research (pp. 184-209). Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage.

Wolk, L. E. (1982). Minnesota's American Indian Battered Women: The Cycle of Oppression; A Cultural Awareness Training Manual for Non-Indian Professionals. St. Paul, MN: St. Paul Indian Center.

2. Cheyenne

Murray, Virginia H. (1998). Traditional Legal Perspective: A Contemporary Survey of the Historic Civil, Common and American Indian Tribal Law Responses to Domestic Violence. Oklahoma City University Law Review 23, 433-.

3. Cherokee

Murray, Virginia H. (1998). Traditional Legal Perspective: A Contemporary Survey of the Historic Civil, Common and American Indian Tribal Law Responses to Domestic Violence. Oklahoma City University Law Review, 23, 433-.

4. Hopi

Verlarde-Castillo, A. R. (1992). Spousal Abuse among Hopi Women. Unpublished manuscript, University of Texas at Austin.

5. Navajo

Coker, Donna (1999). Enhancing Autonomy for Battered Women:  Lessons from Navajo Peacemaking. UCLA Law Review, 47(1).

Feinman, C. (1992). Woman Battering on the Navajo Reservation. International Review of Victimology, 2, 137-146.

McEachern, Diane, Van Winkle, Marlene, and Steiner, Sue (1998).Domestic Violence among the Navajo: A Legacy of Colonization. Journal of Poverty, Special Issue: Pressing Issues of Inequality, 2(4), 31-46.

Murray, Virginia H. (1998). Traditional Legal Perspective: A Comparative Survey of the Historic Civil, Common, and American Indian Tribal Law Responses to Domestic Violence. Oklahoma City University Law Review, 23, 433-.

Valencia-Weber, Gloria & Zuni, Christine P. (1995). Symposium: Women's Rights as International Human Rights: Domestic Violence and Tribal Protection of Indigenous Women in the United States. St. John's Law Review, 69 (Winter/Spring), 69-.


G. Immigrant

Abraham, Margaret (2000). Isolation as a Form of Marital Violence: The South Asian Immigrant Experience. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 221-236.

Abraham, Margaret (2000). Speaking the Unspeakable: Marital Violence among South Asian Immigrants in the United States. New Brunswick: Rutgers University.

Abraham, Margaret (1999). Sexual Abuse in South Asian Immigrant Marriages. Violence Against Women, 5(6),  591-.

Abraham, Margaret (1998). Alienation and Marital Violence among South Asian Immigrant Women in the United States. Family and Gender, 175- 196.

Adam, N. (2000). Domestic Violence against Women within Immigrant Indian and Pakistani Communities in the United States. Ph.D. thesis. Chicago: University of Illinois.

Ahmad, F., Riaz, S., Barata, P., Stewart, D. (2004). Patriarchal Beliefs and Perceptions of Abuse among South Asian Immigrant Women. Violence Against Women, 10(3): 262-282.

Akpinar, A. (2003). The Honour/Shame Complex Revisited: Violence against Women in the Migration Context. Women’s Studies International Forum, 26(5), 425-442.

Anderson, Michelle (1993). A License to Abuse: The Impact of Conditional Status on Female Immigrants. Yale Law Journal, 102, 1401-1430.

Anker, D. (2001). Refugee Status and Violence Against Women in the “Domestic” Sphere: The Non-State Actor Question. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal, 15(3), 391-402.

Ayyub, Ruksana (2000). Domestic Violence in the South Asian Muslim Immigrant Population in the United States. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 237-248.

Berger, Joseph (2003). Old Ways Bring Tears in a New World: Immigrants Face Family Violence. New York Times, B1. (Bukharan Jewish Community)

Bhattacharjee, Anannya (1997). The Public/Private Mirage: Mapping Homes and Undomesticating Violence Work in the South Asian Indian Community. In M. Jacqui Alexander and Chandra Talpede Mohanty (Eds.), Feminist Genealogies, Colonial Legacies, and Democratic Futures (pp. 308-329). New York: Routledge.

Board of Immigration Appeals Rejects Domestic Violence as a Basis for Asylum. (1999). Public Interest Law Reporter, 4(3), 23-.

Browne, Angela (1999). Domestic Violence in Context: A Forum on Race, Immigration, and Poverty. Paper presented at the University of New Hampshire, 6th International Family Violence Research Conference. Durham, N.H.

Bui, H. N. (2003). Help-Seeking Behavior among Abused Immigrant Women: A Case of Vietnamese American Women. Violence Against Women, 9(2), 207-239.

Burgonio-Watson, Thelma (1999). Seeking Justice, Seeking Healing: An Asian Pacific Islander Immigrant’s Perspective. The Journal of Religion and Abuse: Advocacy, Pastoral Care and Prevention, 1(4).

Call for Papers: Special Issue on “Violence against Women and Girls from Immigrant and Refugee Communities in the United States (2004). Violence Against Women, 10(11): 1368.

Chen, Shana W. (2000). The Immigrant Women of the Violence Against Women Act: The Role of the Asian American Consciousness in the Legislative Process. Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law, 1, 823-848.

Chin, K. L. (1994). Out-of-Town Brides: International Marriage and Wife Abuse among Chinese Immigrants. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 25(1), 53-69.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das (2005). Battered South Asian Women in U.S. Courts. Unpub. Ms. Manavi, N.J.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das (2000). Charting the Course: An Overview of Domestic Violence in the South Asian Community in the United States. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 173-185.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das (1998). Women's Realities: Defining Violence Against Women by Immigration, Race, and Class. In Raquel Kennedy Bergen (Ed.), Issues in Intimate Violence (pp. 209-219). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dasgupta, Shamita Das and Warrier, Sujata (1996). In the Footsteps of "Arundhati": Asian Indian Women's Experience of Domestic Violence in the United States. Violence Against Women, 2(3), 238-259.

Dinnerstein, J. (2004). Immigration Options for Immigrant Victims of Domestic Violence. Clearinghouse Review, 38(5/6): 427-440.

Dutton, M. A. (2000). Characteristics of Help-seeking Behaviors, Resources and Service Needs of Battered Immigrant Latinas: Legal and Policy Implications. Georgetown Journal On Poverty Law & Policy, 7(2).

Elson, Amy (1997). The Mail-Order Bride Industry and Immigration: Combating Immigration Fraud, Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 5: 367-.

Ely, Gretchen  (2004). Domestic Violence and Immigrant Communities in the United States: A Review of Women’s Unique Needs and Recommendations for Social Work Practice and Research. Stress, Trauma, and Crisis, 7(4): 223-242.

Enos, V. Pualani (2004). Learning from the Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women Involved with Child Protective Services to Inform a Dialogue among Domestic Violence Activists and Advocates. San Francisco: Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence.  Available at www.apaiahf.org/apidvinstitute/PDF/EnosReport.pdf.

Erez, Edna (2003). Migration/Immigration, Domestic Violence and the Justice System. International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice, 26(2), 277-300.

Erez, Edna (2000). Immigration, Culture Conflict and Domestic Violence/Woman Battering. Crime Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal, 1, 27-36.

Erez, Edna and Ammar, N. (2004) Violence Against Immigrant Women and Systematic Reponses: An Exploratory Study. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service (202561).

Erez, Edna, and Bach, Shayna (2003). Immigration, Domestic Violence, and the Military: The Case of “Military Brides”. Violence Against Women, 9(9), 1093-1117.

Erez, Edna, and Britz, Linsey (2003). Working with Battered Immigrant Women: Dilemmas & Paradoxes. Paper Presented at International Forum on Migration and Crime, Istanbul, Turkey (October 4).

Family Violence Prevention Fund (N.D.). Working With Battered Immigrant Women: A Handbook to Make Services Accessible. Author: Leti Volpp. Editor: Leni Marin. San Francisco: Family Violence Prevention Fund.

Franco, F. E. (1996). Unconditional Safety for Conditional Immigrant Women. Berkeley Women's Law Journal, 11, pp. 99-141.

Garcia, Martha Lucia (1999). A “New Kind” of Battered Woman: Challenges for the Movement. In Beth Leventhal and Sandra Lundy (Eds.), Same-Sex Domestic Violence: Strategies for Change (pp. 165-171). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Goldberg, Pamela (1993). Anyplace But Home: Asylum in the U.S. for Women Fleeing Intimate Violence, Cornell International Law Journal, 26, 565-.

Goldman, Maurice (1999). The Violence Against Women Act: Meeting Its Goals in Protecting Battered Immigrant Women? Family and Conciliation Courts Review, 37(3/July), 375-392.

Jang, D. (1998). Asian Immigrant Women Fight Domestic Violence. In G. Kirk and M. Okazawa-Rey (Eds.), Women's Lives: Multicultural Perspectives (pp. 179-181). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Jang, D., Lee, D., and Morello-Frosch, R. (1990).Domestic Violence in the Immigrant and Refugee Community: Responding to the Needs of Immigrant Women. Response to Victimization of Women and Children, 13(4), 2-7.

Jang, D. L., Marin, L., and Pendleton, G. (Eds.) (1997). Domestic Violence in Immigrant and Refugee Communities: Asserting the Right of Battered Women (Second Edition). San Francisco: Family Violence Prevention Fund.

Knight, S. (2003). Reflections on Khawar: Recognizing the Refugee from Family Violence. Hastings Women’s Law Journal, 14(1): 27-46.

Lewis, Hope (1998). Global Intersections: Critical Race Feminist Human Rights and International Black Women. Maine Law Review 50, 309-.

Lilienthal, Ryan (1996). Old Hurdles Hamper New Options For Battered Immigrant Women. Brooklyn Law Review 62, 1595-.

Maher, Heather (2000). Immigration and Domestic Violence: Selected Issues. Women Lawyers' Journal, 86(2), 13-18.

Mail Order Brides and Domestic Violence. Go to “Mail Order Brides” at http://academic.regis.edu/epasseri/GENDER/Heather/mail_order_brides.htm

McFarlane, J. (2002). Intimate Partner Violence against Immigrant Women: Measuring the Effectiveness of Protection Orders. American Journal of Family Law, 16(4): 244-252.

Mehrotra, Meeta (1999). The Social Construction of Wife Abuse: Experiences of Asian Indian Women in the United States. Violence Against Women, 5(6) , 619-.

Mehrotra, Meeta (1995). Immigrant Status and Wife Abuse: The Experiences of Asian Indian Women. Paper presented at the annual meeting for the Sociologists for Women in Society.

Meng, Eddy (1994). Mail-Order Brides: Gilded Prostitution and the Legal Response, University of Michigan Journal of Law Ref., 28, 197-. 

Menjivar, C. and O. Salcido (2002). Immigrant Women and Domestic Violence: Common Experiences in Different Countries. Gender & Society, 16(6): 898-920.

Narayan, Uma ( 1995). "Male Order" Brides: Immigrant Women, Domestic Violence and Immigration Law. Hypatia, 10 (1lWinter), 104-119.

Okoth, A. (2005). Helping Victims of Ethnocide Akuthi Okoth Helped a Group of Anuak Refugee Women in the United States to Come Together to Defend Those Displaced by Violence in Their Homeland. Cultural Survival Quarterly,  28(4): 18-19.

Orloff, Leslye E. (1999)  Access to Public Benefits for Battered Immigrant Women and Children. Journal of Poverty Law and Policy Clearinghouse Review, September/October, 237-256.

Orloff, Leslye E. and Dave, Nomi (1997). Identifying Barriers:  Survey of Immigrant Women and Domestic Violence in the D.C. Metropolitan Area. Poverty & Race, 6(4), 9-12.

Orloff, Leslye E., Jang, Deeana, and Klein, Catherine (1995). With No Place to Turn: Improving Legal Advocacy for Battered Immigrant Women. Family Law Quarterly, 29(2), 313-329.

Pendleton, G. (2003). Ensuring Fairness and Justice for Noncitizen Survivors of Domestic Violence. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 54(4), 69-86.

Perilla, J. L. (1999). Domestic Violence as a Human Rights Issue: The Case of Immigrant Latinos. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 21(2), 107-133.

Pressman, Sandra D. (1995). Legal Issues Confronting Conditional Resident Aliens Who Are Victims of Domestic Violence: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives. Maryland Journal of Contemporary Issues, 6,129-.

Raj, A. and Silverman, J. (2002). Intimate Partner Violence against South Asian Women in Greater Boston. Journal of the American Medical Women’s Association, 57(2), 111-114.

Raj, A., and Silverman, J. (2002). Violence against Immigrant Women: The Roles of Culture, Context, and Immigrant Status on Intimate Partner Violence. Violence Against Women, 8(3), 367-398.

Rhee, Siyon (1997). Domestic Violence in the Korean Immigrant Family. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 24 (1), 63-77.

Richie, Beth E. (1988). Understanding Family Violence Within U.S. Refugee Communities: A Training Manual. Washington, DC: Refugee Women in Development.

Rodriguez, Michael A.; Bauer, Heidi M.; Flores-Ortiz, Yvette; Szkupinski-Quiroga, Seline (1998). Factors Affecting Patient-Physician Communication for Abused Latina and Asian Immigrant Women. Journal of Family Practice. 47(4), 309-.

Seith, Patricia A. (1997). Escaping Domestic Violence: Asylum as a Means of Protection for Battered Women. Columbia Law Review, 97, 1804-.

Shah, Shivali (2004). Trapped, on a “H-4.” The Hindu, November 28.  Available at http://www.hindu.com/mag/2004/11/28/stories/2004112800380300.htm

Sharma, A. (2001). Healing the Wounds of Domestic Abuse: Improving the Effectiveness of Feminist Therapeutic Interventions with Immigrant and Racially Visible Women Who Have Been Abused. Violence Against Women , 7(12), 1405-1428.

Sheehan, H., Javier, R., Thanjan, T., Dasgupta, S., Rahim, H., Purkayashta,, B., Abraham, M., Ayyub, R., and Merchant, M. (2000). Domestic Violence in the South Asian Immigrant Community. Journal of Social Distress and the Homeless, 9(3), 167-259.

Shetty, S., and Kaguyutan, J. (2002). Immigrant Victims of Domestic Violence: Cultural Challenges and Available Legal Protections. Violence Against Women, 5(6), 641-653.

Shin, H. L. (1995). Violence and Intimacy: Risk Markers and Predictors of Wife Abuse among Korean Immigrants. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Southern California.

Shirwadkar, S. (2004). Canadian Domestic Violence Policy and Indian Immigrant Women. Violence Against Women, 10(8): 860-879.

Sinha, A. (2001). Domestic Violence and U.S. Asylum Law: Eliminating the “Cultural Hook” for Claiming Asylum. New York University Law Review, 76(5), 1562-1598.

Slonim-Nevo, Vered, Sharaga, Yanna, and Mirsky, Julia (1999). A Culturally Sensitive Approach to Therapy with Immigrant Families: The Case of Jewish Emigrants from the Former Soviet Union. Family Process, 38(4), 445-462.

Somewhere to Turn: Making Domestic Violence Services Accessible to Battered Immigrant Women. (N.D.) Washington, DC: NOW Legal Defense and Education Fund.

Soriano, Fernando and Austin, James (2004). A Comparison of Partner Violence in Latino Communities: Migrant Workers, Immigrants, and Non-Immigrants. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Stewart, Christa (2000). The Face of Domestic Violence: A View from the Immigrants' Rights Perspective. Women Lawyers' Journal, 86(2), 19-22.

Sun-Hee Park, Lisa (1997). Navigating the Anti-Immigrant Wave: The Korean Women's Hotline and the Politics of Community. In Nancy Naples (Ed.), Community Activism and Feminist Politics: Organizing Across Race, Class and Gender (pp.175-195). New York: Routledge.

Tolmie, J. (1997). Pacific-Asian Immigrant and Refugee Women Who Kill Their Batterers: Telling Stories that Illustrate the Significance of Specificity. Sydney Law Review, 19(4): 472-513.

Valdez, Diana Washington (2005). Deportation that Keeps Many Battered Women Silent. BorderlandNews. February 21.  Available at: www.borderlandnews.com/stories/borderland/20050221-26 609.shtml 

Wang, Karin (1996). Battered Asian American Women: Community Responses from the Battered Women's Movement and the Asian American Community. Asian Law Journal, 3, 151-.

Weissman, Deborah (2000). Addressing Domestic Violence in Immigrant Communities. Popular Government, 65(3), 13-.

Wheeler, Charles (1996). New Protections for Immigrant Women and Children Who Are Victims of Domestic Violence. Clearinghouse Review, 222-229.

Yick, Alice (2001). Feminist Theory and Status Inconsistency Theory: Application to Domestic Violence in Chinese Immigrant Families.  Violence Against Women, 7(5): 545-.

Yim, S. B. (1978).Korean Battered Woman: A Sociological and Psychological Analysis of Conjugal Violence in Korean Immigrant Families. In H. Sunoo and D. Rom (Eds.), Korean Women Struggle for Humanization (pp. 171-199). Memphis, TN: Korean Christian Scholars.

Zorza, Joan (2002). Immigration, Violence Against Women: Law, Prevention, Protection, Enforcement, Treatment, Health (Ch. 13). Kingston, N.J.: Civic Research Institute, Inc.


H. White/Anglos4

1. Whites Compared to One or More Racial/Ethnic Groups

Arbuckle, Justin et al (1996). Safe at Home? Domestic Violence and Other Homicides Among Women in New Mexico. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 27, 210-215.

Asbury, J. (1987). African-American Women in Violent Relationships: An Exploration of Cultural Differences. In R. L. Harper (Ed.), Violence in the Black Family (pp. 89-105). Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath.

Berenson, A. B. (1991). Drug Abuse and Other Risk Factors for Physical Abuse in Pregnancy among White Non-Hispanic, Black, and Hispanic Women.  American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 164(6), 1491-1499.

Berkel, L.A., Vandiver, B.J., Bahner, A.D. (2004). Gender Role Attitudes, Religion, and Spirituality as Predictors of Domestic Violence Attitudes in White College Students. Journal of College Student Development, 45(2): 119-133.

Cherlin, Andrew, Burton, Linda, Hurt, Tera, and Purvin, Diane (2004). The Influence of Physical and Sexual Abuse on Marriage and Cohabitation. American Sociological Review, 69(Dec): 768-789.

Curandi, C. B., Caetano, R., Clark, C. L., and Schafer, J. (1999). Alcohol-Related Problems and Intimate Partner Violence among White, Black, and Hispanic Couples in the U.S. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 23, 1492-1501.

Della-Giustina, Jo-Ann (2005). Gender, Race, and Class as Predictors of Femicide Rates: A Path Analysis.  Ph.D. dissertation, Criminal Justice Program, City University of New York.

Donnelly, Denise, Cook, Kimberly, Van Ausdale, Debra, and Foley, Lara (2005). White Privilege, Color Blindness, and Services to Battered Women. Violence Against Women, 11(1), 6-37.-.

Gondolf, E. W., Fisher, E., and McFerron, J. R. (1988). Racial Differences among Shelter Residents: A Comparison of Anglo, Black, and Hispanic Battered Women.  Journal of Family Violence, 3(1), 39-51.

Jasinski, Jana L. (2001). Physical Violence among Anglo, African American, and Hispanic Couples: Ethnic Differences in Persistence and Cessation. Violence and Victims, 16(5), 479-490.

Jasinski, Jana L. (1996). Structural Inequalities, Family and Cultural Factors, and Spousal Violence among Anglo and Hispanic Americans. Unpublished doctoral Dissertation, University of New Hampshire, Durham.

Jasinski, J. L., Asdigian, N. L., and Kaufman Kantor, G. (in press).  Ethnic Adaptations to Occupational Strain: Work Stress, Drinking, and Wife Assault among Anglo and Hispanic Husbands.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Joseph, Janice (1997). Woman Battering: A Comparative Analysis of Black and White Women. In Glenda Kaufman Kantor and Jana Jasinski (Eds.), Out of the Darkness: Contemporary Perspectives on Family Violence (pp. 161- 169). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Krishnan, Satya, Hilbert, Judith, and McNeil, K. (2004). Understanding Domestic Violence in Multi-Ethnic Rural Communities: A Focus on Collaboration Among Courts, Law Enforcement Agencies, and the Shelters. Rockville, MD: National Criminal Justice Reference Service (191863).

Lee, Robert, Thompson, Vetta Sanders, and Mechanic, Mindy (2002). Intimate Partner Violence and women of Color: A Call for Innovations. American Journal of Public Health (92)4, 530-534.

Locke, Lisa M. and Richman, Charles L. (1999). Attitudes Toward Domestic Violence: Race and Gender Issues. Sex Roles, 40(3l4), 227-247.

Neff, James Allan, Holamon, Bruce and Schulter, Tracy Davis (1995). Spousal Violence among Anglos, Blacks, and Mexican Americans: The Role of Demographic Variables, Psychosocial Predictors, and Alcohol Consumption. Journal of Family Violence, 10(1), 1-21.

Pearlman, Deborah, Zierler, Sally, Gjelsvik, and Verhoek-Oftedahl (2003). Neighborhood Environment, Racial Position, and Risk of Police-Reported Domestic Violence: A Contextual Analysis. Public Health Reports, 118, 44-58.

Smik1e, Collin, Sorem, Kimberlee, Satin, Andrew, and Hankins, Gary (1996). Physical and Sexual Abuse in a Middle-Class Obstetric Population.  Southern Medical Journal, 89(10), 983-988.

Sorenson, Susan B. and Telles, Cynthia A. (1991). Self-Reports of Spousal Violence in a Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic White Population.  Violence and Victims, 6(1), 3-15.

West, C. M., Jasinski, J. L., and Kaufman Kantor, G. (1997). Predictors of Help Seeking by Hispanic and Anglo Battered Women. (Manuscript submitted for publication.)

2. White Working-Class5

Fine, Michelle and Weis, Lois (1998).Crime Stories: A Critical Look Through Race, Ethnicity and Gender. Qualitative Studies in Education, 11(3), 435-460.

Hall, Julia (2001). It Hurts to Be a Girl: Growing Up Poor White and Female. Gender & Society, 14(5): 630-.

Weis, Lois, Fine, Michelle, Proweller, Amira, Bertram, Corrine, and Marusza, Julia (1998). "I've Slept in Clothes Long Enough": Excavating the Sounds of Domestic Violence among Women in the White Working Class. The Urban Review, 30(1), 1-27.

3. White MiddleClass and Well-to-Do6

Smikle, Collin, Sorem, Kimberlee, Satin, Andrew, and Hankins, Gary (1996). Physical and Sexual Abuse in a Middle-Class Obstetric Population.  Southern Medical Journal, 89(10), 983-988.

Waits, Kathleen (1998). Battered Women and Their Children: Lessons from One Woman's Story. Houston Law Review, 35 (1), 29-108.

Weller, Sheila (1988). Middle-Class Murder.  Ms (May), 56-61. [See follow-up: Saved: The Children (1988). Ms (Nov), 85.]

4.  White Upper Middle-Class and Upper-Class7

Weitzman, Susan (1999). Upscale Violence: The Lived Experience of Domestic Abuse among Upper Socio-Economic Status Women. Ph.D. Dissertation. [Book: Not to People Like Us. 2000]

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