Law Enforcement News

Vol. XXX, No. 620 A publication of John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY Summer 2004

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In this issue:

Administration, Management & Supervision.

Community & Problem-Oriented Policing.

Corporate & White-Collar Crime.

Crime (General).

Criminology.

Cyber-crime.

Drugs.

Forensic Science & Investigation.

Gangs, Juvenile Crime & Delinquency.

History.

Integrity/Oversight.

Miscellaneous.

Organized Crime.

Police Use of Force.

Police Culture.

Profiling.

Sex Crimes.

Strategies & Tactics.

Technology, Weapons & Equipment.

Terrorism.

Violence.

Directory of Publishers Cited.

 
Drugs

     Chepesiuk, Ron. (2003). THE BULLET OR THE BRIBE: TAKING DOWN COLOMBIA’S CALI DRUG CARTEL. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, ISBN 0275977129.

     A well-documented account of how law enforcement broke up the Colombian Cali drug cartel. Based mainly on information from interviews, government and court documents, books, and newspaper and magazine articles. Slightly fictionalized, but apparently mostly fact-based.


     Gaines, Larry K. & Kraska, Peter B. (Editors). (2003). DRUGS, CRIME & JUSTICE: CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES. 2nd ed. Prospect Heights, Ill.: Waveland Press, ISBN 1577662172 (paper).

     A well-chosen anthology of previously published articles on the problems of illegal drugs in the U.S. The collection provides an interesting overview and introduction to the critical sociological literature in this area. The first article is an overview of the history of illegal drug use in the U.S. Later articles examine connections between illegal drug use and crime, drug selling and distribution, policing illegal drugs, treating drug offenders, drugs in schools, crack cocaine, drug courts, and other topics. This work critically analyzes the evidence for a number of presumed truths about illegal drugs, and provides a framework for thinking about the broad policy implications of the war on drugs.


     Hanes, W. Travis III & Sanello, Frank. OPIUM WARS: THE ADDICTION OF ONE EMPIRE AND THE CORRUPTION OF ANOTHER. Naperville, Ill.: Sourcebooks, ISBN 1570719314.

     Great Britain fought two wars against Imperial China in the 19th century, to force the latter to allow the importation of opium. China was not keen on trading with Western nations, which it saw as inferior, and exported relatively small amounts of silk and tea only in exchange for Spanish silver dollars. Opium, easily and cheaply available in the Middle East, was the preferred currency of the British. This popular account of how a legalized drug trade was forced onto an unwilling state starts with a modern analogy — what if Columbia forced the U.S. to accept the unregulated importation of cocaine, and hand over control of major cities to drug lords?


     Musto, David F. (Editor) with Pamela Korsmeyer and Thomas W. Maulucci, Jr. (2002). ONE HUNDRED YEARS OF HEROIN. Westport, Conn.: Auburn House, ISBN 0865693242.

     It is over 100 years since Bayer introduced the world to a manufactured cough suppressant with the brand name Heroin. The papers in this book look at different aspects of the drug during these 100 years, from the early years through to the club culture of the late 20th century. Daniel Patrick Moynihan has contributed a paper on the history of official drug policy. Other papers include histories of drug use in both Washington and New York cities, treatment programs and the international market. Fourteen papers in total provide an eloquent picture of a century of heroin, mainly as experienced in the Untied States.


     Owen, Frank. (2003). CLUBLAND: THE FABULOUS RISE AND MURDEROUS FALL OF CLUB CULTURE. New York: St. Martin’s Press, ISBN 0312287666.

     Description of the drug-fueled decadence of New York and Miami nightclubs in the mid-1990s, which ended in New York when the NYPD under the Giuliani administration shut down such mega-clubs as Limelight, Tunnel and other venues. Journalist Owen was hired, unknown to both sides, to simultaneously investigate the club drug scene and write about Peter Gatien, the owner of the largest New York clubs. This dual approach gave him unique access to both the business and public sides of the club world. Owen focuses the story on the murder, and ensuing investigation, of a young drug dealer who sold drugs in the Limelight to club kids, and ended his own life stuffed into a box and pushed into the Hudson River.


Forensic Science & Investigation

     Caddy, Brian (Editor). (2001). FORENSIC EXAMINATION OF GLASS AND PAINT: ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION. London; New York: Taylor & Francis, ISBN: 0748405798.

     A valuable addition to the limited reading material available on these topics, and essential for any library serving a forensics laboratory. Five of the 12 chapters address glass, six look at paint, while the first chapter reviews trace evidence in general. Each chapter has a different author, and the affiliations of each author are listed at the start of the book. A couple of reviewers have remarked that some, but not all, chapters reflect European forensic practice, which differs from that in the U.S. There are plenty of graphs, tables and photographs illustrating the text, and each chapter has a bibliography. Appropriate for forensic scientists and advanced students.


     Hibbard, Whitney S., Worring, Raymond W., & Brennan, Rich. (2002). PSYCHIC CRIMINOLOGY: A GUIDE FOR USING PSYCHICS IN INVESTIGATIONS. 2nd ed. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, ISBN 0398072892.

     Textbooks on crime investigation techniques tend not to cover the paranormal. Occasionally, to the delight of the media, psychics assist with sensational and baffling cases. This short work introduces telepathy, clairvoyance, remote viewing, precognition, dowsing, psychometry and their practitioners as aids to solving crime. Anecdotes of illustrative cases are included, along with a short bibliography. This is very far from being a critical analysis of an investigative tool, but may be of interest to some readers.


     Memon, Amina, Vrij, Aldert, & Bull, Ray. PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW: TRUTHFULNESS, ACCURACY AND CREDIBILITY. 2nd ed. Chichester, England; Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley, ISBN 0470850612 (paper).

     Distinguishing the credible from the incredible is an intrinsic part of a police officer’s job. There are numerous myths and misunderstandings regarding truth and lie detection. This work, written by three psychologists, surveys the findings of contemporary research in this area. Interviewing, eyewitness testimony, facial appearance, truth and lie detection, jury decision making, false memories and expert witnesses are all discussed. This is an excellent and readable overview, with almost 40 pages of references at the back of the book.


     Rose, Philip. (2002). FORENSIC SPEAKER IDENTIFICATION. New York: Taylor & Francis, ISBN: 0415271827.

     This is an introduction to the techniques of voice identification. The writing style is casual and relatively jargon-free, despite the very technical subject matter. Illustrations include graphs, photographs and tables. It includes a chapter on “earwitness lineups,” and a critical discussion of voiceprints. The last chapter describes a “semi-automatic speaker identification system” developed by the author, who is a professor emeritus of linguistics, speech and criminal justice at the University of Florida, and has had a long career in researching and applying techniques of recorded voice identification.