Law Enforcement News

Vol. XXX, No. 620 A publication of John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY Summer 2004

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In this issue:

Administration, Management & Supervision.

Community & Problem-Oriented Policing.

Corporate & White-Collar Crime.

Crime (General).

Criminology.

Cyber-crime.

Drugs.

Forensic Science & Investigation.

Gangs, Juvenile Crime & Delinquency.

History.

Integrity/Oversight.

Miscellaneous.

Organized Crime.

Police Use of Force.

Police Culture.

Profiling.

Sex Crimes.

Strategies & Tactics.

Technology, Weapons & Equipment.

Terrorism.

Violence.

Directory of Publishers Cited.

 
History

     Dean, Trevor. (2001). CRIME IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE, 1200-1550. New York: Longman, ISBN: 0582326761.

     A fascinating account of crime, criminals and criminal justice in medieval Europe, illustrated with black and white photographs of contemporary illustrations. Punishment, the court systems, judicial corruption, crime waves and gender issues are all explored. Numerous anecdotes and quotations bring long dead characters and situations to life. This is far from being a mere listing of crime occurrence, but provides the sociocultural contexts in which the offenses occur. Interesting and enjoyable to read or just browse through.


     Deflem, Mathieu. (2002). POLICING WORLD SOCIETY: HISTORICAL FOUNDATIONS OF INTERNATIONAL POLICE COOPERATION. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0199259623.

     Focusing on the U.S. and Germany from the middle of the 19th century to just after World War II, the author examines cross-border police cooperation. It is written from a sociological perspective — specifically, the author applies Max Weber’s ideas on bureaucracies to these early cross-border policing activities. The author contends that a police organization must be sufficiently bureaucratically independent in order to engage in cross-border cooperation. Includes accounts of the early years of Interpol, and Nazism within the German police. There is an extensive bibliography.


     Dunbar, James L. & Kingwell, Robert Grant. (2003). BULLETPROOF: A HISTORY OF ARMORED CARS AND THE COLORFUL CHARACTERS WHO RAN THEM, RODE THEM, AND SOMETIMES ROBBED THEM. Baltimore: MidAtlantic Books & Journals, Inc., ISBN: 0974186708.

     Civilian armored cars are a familiar presence on the streets today, carrying money and valuables from place to place. Originally developed for military use around 1900, they were used as lightweight tanks during World War I. Their defensive properties attracted the attention of civilians, particularly bankers concerned with moving cash around. Demand for the vehicles resulted in the growth of an armored car production and supply industry. The authors relied on archival materials from two of the early companies — Merchants Armored Car Service and Mercer & Dunbar, as well as some other sources. This is a part-fictionalized work, though fact-based.


     Hahn, Harlan & Jeffries, Judson. (2003). URBAN AMERICA AND ITS POLICE: FROM THE POSTCOLONIAL ERA THROUGH THE TURBULENT 1960s. Boulder, Colo.: University Press of Colorado, ISBN: 0870817264.

     The introduction provides a vivid description of the evolution of urban policing in the United States, while the rest of the book concentrates on the 1960s. The authors have put together a fluent narrative from surveys, reports and other sources. A strong theme throughout is the place of the police officer within urban society. Race and ethnic issues are explored, from the 19th century Irish cop doling out political patronage within his community, to the race riots of the ’60s. The authors contend that if officers were to concentrate more on their role as social service providers and less on law enforcement issues, they would be better placed to maintain order on the streets when other governing mechanisms fail. A very interesting and thought provoking work, particularly of interest to anyone interested in the current discussion of community policing.


     Herlihy, Jim. (2001). THE DUBLIN METROPOLITAN POLICE: A SHORT HISTORY AND GENEALOGICAL GUIDE. Dublin: Four Courts Press, ISBN: 1851824634 (paper).

     A short history of the DMP throughout its existence from 1836 to 1925. Includes photographs, letters, songs and lists and some biographies of the officers of this Irish police department, during a very interesting century for Irish history. The lists of officers will be of interest to anyone who thinks an ancestor may have been a member of this force.


     King, Joseph F. (2004). THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN POLICE HISTORY IN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND THE UNITED STATES. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press, ISBN 0773464026.

     This work covers the development of modern police and their history in the U.K. and the U.S.; the nationalization or centralization of the police function in the U.K., the localization of police in the U.S. and the police strikes in both countries in 1918-19 and their effects on the developing institutions. Reviews have hailed the work as “an important contribution to the comparative history of labor and policing,” and “a ‘must-read’ for any serious student of policing or police history.”


     Knafla, Louis A. (Editor). (2002). POLICING AND WAR IN EUROPE. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, ISBN 0313310122. Volume 16 in the Criminal Justice History series.

     This collection of original articles focuses on the history of policing in Europe during the 19th through 20th centuries. Four of the seven articles deal with Britain, while the others examine the role of French police in the destruction of old Marseilles during the German occupation, policing the British Zone of post-WW2 Germany, and police in Napoleonic Italy. The British articles include an account of how photography was first used to record the identities of prisoners and recidivists, an account of the private police attached to the worsted factory inspectorate in 19th century Yorkshire, the Westminster night watch during the 1770s, and urban police culture during the late 1800s and early 1900s. The latter includes a description of how streets were classified according to the type of element believed to be living there — the police, as respectable workers, lived on the “pink” streets!


     Rawlings, Philip. (2002). POLICING: A SHORT HISTORY. Cullompton, England: Willan, ISBN: 1903240263 (paper.).

     Most police histories concentrate on the 19th and 20th centuries. This one starts around 600 A.D. and explores policing, both the idea and the activity, right through the 1990s. Over half of the book is devoted to pre-1850. Did you know that the bureaucratization of policing took place in the 15th and 16th centuries, and professionalization occurred during the 17th and 18th centuries? This history covers thieftakers, watchmen, constables and Jenny Derbies, and other manifestations of community law enforcement. The one drawback of this fascinating work is its restriction to English policing. It is an academic work, yet very readable, with a lengthy bibliography at the back.


     Sengoopta, Chandak. (2003). IMPRINT OF THE RAJ: HOW FINGERPRINTING WAS BORN IN COLONIAL INDIA. London: Macmillan, ISBN 0333989163.

     The colonial rulers of India needed some way of identifying and keeping track of the people they ruled, particularly those they suspected of criminal activity. In Bengal, an adaptation of the Bertillon system was developed which included a thumbprint. The usefulness and uniqueness of the thumbprint, along with the development of a classification system that allowed prints to be categorized and searched relatively quickly, led to the rapid adoption of the system throughout colonial India, and later in Britain. This is an unusual account of a significant development in the history of criminalistics that also explores the interactions and dynamics between colony and empire.


     Wadman, Robert C., and Allison, William Thomas. (2003). TO PROTECT AND TO SERVE: A HISTORY OF POLICE IN AMERICA. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131120646.

     Wadman and Allison, in their short but illuminating text, have done a good job in succinctly summarizing in a readable narrative the major trends in policing in the United States, from its beginnings until the turn of the 21st century. The police play an essential role in establishing order and ensuring liberties, and without such histories as “To Protect and To Serve,” we might forget the difficult struggle America has undergone to maintain the vital balance between liberty and authority that philosopher David Hume considered necessary for a civil society. (From the LEN review.)


     Zuckerman, Fredric S. (2003). THE TSARIST SECRET POLICE ABROAD: POLICING EUROPE IN A MODERNISING WORLD. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 1403904383.

     The Foreign Agentura was based in Paris from 1883 until the fall of the tsar in 1917. It was an important part of Russia’s defense against anarchists and other anti-tsarist revolutionaries. This is a detailed account of the anti-subversive work carried out by the tsar’s political police among Russian emigrants in Europe. The police mission was to identify behavior and plots dangerous to the Russian state before the revolutionary schemes could come to fruition. The work includes descriptions of life in exile for political emigrants in Europe, and portrays the careers of the leading Agentura figures, including Rachkovskii, Rataev, Harting and Krasilnikov. The author explores the origins of international police-operation in Europe, and draws comparisons to counterterrorism today.