Cole, David & Dempsey, James X. (2002). TERRORISM AND THE CONSTITUTION: SACRIFICING CIVIL LIBERTIES IN THE NAME OF NATIONAL SECURITY. 2nd edition. New York: New Press, ISBN: 1565847822 (paper).
The first edition of this work was published in 1999, but the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks and the legal consequences demanded an update. Both editions have been widely reviewed and praised. A reviewer of the 1999 edition noted as controversial the authors’ assertion that acts of terrorism by international terrorists within the U.S. were rare — true, but rare acts can be quite consequential, as we have experienced. The 1996 Anti-Terrorism Act was criticized in the 1999 edition, and the authors have found more cause for concern with the passage of the Patriot Act. The authors look critically at the history of counterterrorism activity within the United States, and particularly at the FBI, and the civil liberties abuses that have been committed under the guise of fighting terrorism. Both authors are lawyers — Cole is a law professor at Georgetown University and commentator on National Public Radio, while Dempsey is a former assistant counsel to the House Judiciary subcommittee on civil and constitutional rights.
Cutter, Susan L., Richardson, Douglas D. & Wilbanks, Thomas J. (2003). THE GEOGRAPHICAL DIMENSIONS OF TERRORISM. New York: Routledge, ISBN 0415946425. (paper).
Geographical information systems have already been adopted as crimefighting tools. These papers were written and collected as a response by geographers to the Sept. 11 attacks. They collectively identify how geography as a discipline, and its tools, can be used in counterterrorism, and outline a research agenda for the future. This volume should be of particular interest to people interested in improving emergency response systems.
Etzioni, Amitai & Marsh, Jason H. (Editors). (2003). RIGHTS VS. PUBLIC SAFETY AFTER 9/11: AMERICA IN THE AGE OF TERRORISM. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, ISBN: 0742527557 (paper).
Highly recommended by the American Library Association for the general reader and college students. This collection of documents and essays has been gathered by a leading advocate for communitarianism — a philosophy advocating social responsibility, developed in answer to the perceived failures of liberalism. Immigration, the just-war concept, public health and freedom of the press are a few of the concepts addressed. This work serves as useful addition to the literature on civil liberties and counterterrorism.
Freeman, Michael. (2003). FREEDOM OR SECURITY: THE CONSEQUENCES FOR DEMOCRACIES USING EMERGENCY POWERS TO FIGHT TERROR. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, ISBN: 027597913X.
Governments confronted with terrorist activity may respond by implementing emergency powers. These powers generally consist of legislation suspending some civil liberties for a period of time. Northern Ireland, Peru, Canada and Uruguay all imposed emergency powers in response to indigenous terrorist activity. The author presents case studies on these four states, examining the consequences for each of imposing emergency powers on their citizens, and considers whether they were effective, and whether they were abused. In the final chapter, he briefly discusses the applicability and possible outcomes of the use of emergency powers in the U.S.
Ghosh, Tushar K. et al (Editors). (2002). SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF TERRORISM AND COUNTERTERRORISM. New York: Marcel Dekker, ISBN: 0824708709.
An excellent collection of papers for those interested in reading about the technical aspects of terrorism. The bulk of the book is devoted to biological, chemical and nuclear weapons, but other issues addressed include group psychology of terrorism, cyber-terrorism, personal protective equipment, and emergency response, including the National Response Plan. A number of chapters address sensors and detectors of weapons of mass destruction. A lot of detailed information is provided, and there are bibliographies for anyone interested in exploring the topics further. While readers with a science or technology background will probably get the most out of it, it is supposed to be aimed at senior level undergraduates and graduates in public policy, among other subjects. A good addition to any emergency response and police department library.
Graysmith, Robert. (2003). AMERITHRAX: THE HUNT FOR THE ANTHRAX KILLER. N.Y.: Berkley Books, ISBN: 0425191907.
Sensational and, sadly, unavoidably inconclusive account of the investigation into the mailing of anthrax spores during the fall of 2001.
Jackson, Brian A. et al (Editors). (2002). PROTECTING EMERGENCY RESPONDERS: LESSONS LEARNED FROM TERRORIST ATTACKS. Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand, ISBN: 083303149X.
A synthesis of the presentations and discussions that took place at a New York City conference on reacting to terrorist attacks. Actual responses to the Oklahoma City bombing, World Trade Center and the anthrax-by-mail attacks are the prime considerations. Personal protective equipment is the main topic, but there is some coverage of other matters, including site management.
Levy, Barry S. & Sidel, Victor W. (Editors). (2003). TERRORISM AND PUBLIC HEALTH: A BALANCED APPROACH TO STRENGTHENING SYSTEMS AND PROTECTING PEOPLE. New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0195158342.
This book presents a portrait of the actual responses and needs of a vital, but often overlooked, component of U.S. security — the public health system. The response of the public health system and personnel to terrorist attacks may in part dictate the resulting morbidity and mortality. The first part of the collection of articles in this work critically addresses these responses in the awake of the Sept. 11 attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon and the anthrax attacks. Traditional, biological, chemical and nuclear weapons are discussed in the second part. The third part addresses improvements necessary to the public health system, including disease surveillance, emergency preparedness, communication, research needs for tackling the threat of bio-weapons, protecting the food and water supply, and ambient air. Civil liberties, international law and the causes of terrorism are also briefly considered.
Nacos, Brigitte L. (2002). MASS-MEDIATED TERRORISM: THE CENTRAL ROLE OF THE MEDIA IN TERRORISM AND COUNTERTERRORISM. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, ISBN: 0742510832.
An essay exploring media coverage of terrorism and counterterrorism. The author emphasizes the key role played by the media in providing publicity to terrorists. One chapter covers the use of the internet for publicity and communication. Although the work was started before the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, there is considerable coverage of media coverage of that event and its aftermath. The chapter on dealing with the mass media may be of practical interest to police departments.
Perlmutter, Dawn. (2003). INVESTIGATING RELIGIOUS TERRORISM AND RITUALISTIC CRIMES. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, ISBN 0849310342.
Knowing the motive behind a crime is key to solving it. Dr. Perlmutter explains the theology of new religious movements and unfamiliar religions, and identifies crimes committed in the name of religion by a few believers. Trespassing, vandalism and church desecration are typical crimes motivated by ritualistic beliefs, while hate crimes, tax evasion and mass murder are associated with religious terrorism. A case study of the Japanese cult Aum Shinrikyo is presented to illustrate terrorism by millennial religious groups. The chapter surveying domestic groups looks at Christian fundamentalists including the Phineas Priesthood and Christian Identity. Satanism and vampirism each have their own chapters. Also considered are Santeria, voodoo and other syncretized religions. A chapter on international terrorist groups examines Islamic fundamentalism. The last three chapters cover crime scenes, intelligence strategies and ritual homicide.
Ronczkowski, Michael R. (2004). TERRORISM AND ORGANIZED HATE CRIME: INTELLIGENCE GATHERING, ANALYSIS AND INVESTIGATIONS. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, ISBN: 0849320127.
Many police departments have employed citizens to analyze crime data. Now agencies are looking for analytic support for counterterrorism-related information. This work was written by an experienced law enforcement trainer as an aid to training analysts. The appendices include descriptions of foreign terrorist groups, a list of domestic “patriot” extremist groups, and graphic symbols used by hate groups. Includes a chapter on homeland security.
Ross, Jeffrey Ian. (2003). THE DYNAMICS OF POLITICAL CRIME. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, ISBN: 0803970455 (paper).
Covers crimes both by the state and against the state, with the latter including terrorism and nonviolent oppositional crime. Crimes by the state include corruption, illegal domestic surveillance, human rights violations, violence by the state (including by police) and state-corporate crime. Only advanced industrialized democracies are considered, with emphasis on the U.S., Great Britain and Canada. Designed for use as an undergraduate textbook, with review questions at the end of each chapter. An easy to read critical introduction to the theoretical aspects of political crime.
Silke, Andrew (Editor). (2003). TERRORISTS, VICTIMS, AND SOCIETY: PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON TERRORISM AND ITS CONSEQUENCES. Chichester, West Sussex, England; Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley, ISBN: 0471494623.
Why do people become terrorists and perform terrorist acts? Is there a specific terrorist personality? This series of academic papers, planned before the Sept. 11 attacks, examines the psychology of terrorists as well as their victims. The former includes the psychology of hostage-taking, cyber-terrorism, suicidal terrorism, and leaving terrorist organizations, while the latter explores the psychological impact of terrorist acts on individuals, children and societies, and media representations of terrorism. A final three articles look at counterterrorism strategies, including a chapter on imprisonment in Northern Ireland.
Singer, Margaret Thaler. (2003). CULTS IN OUR MIDST. Revised edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, ISBN: 0787967416.
An overview of how cults persuade vulnerable people to join them, and how they are indoctrinated. The book provides information on how outsiders can help members leave and take up independent lives outside the cult. The author sees cult members as victims forced into a state of dependency from which recovery is possible. New material in this second edition includes a discussion of cults and terrorism.
Stern, Jessica. (2003). TERROR IN THE NAME OF GOD: WHY RELIGIOUS MILITANTS KILL. New York: Ecco, ISBN: 006050532X.
Stern interviewed dozens of members of a variety of terrorist organizations in the U.S, Asia and the Middle East over a five-year period in an attempt to find out why people kill themselves and others in the name of a cause. Stern, a Harvard University professor, identifies alienation, humiliation, demographics, history and territoriality as the prime motivators. This work has been widely reviewed and generally highly praised as one of the best in a crowded field.
Sweet, Christopher (Editor). (2002). ABOVE HALLOWED GROUND: A PHOTOGRAPHIC RECORD OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 BY PHOTOGRAPHERS OF THE NEW YORK CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT. New York: Viking Studio, ISBN: 0670031712.
Photographs of Ground Zero on and after Sept. 11, 2001, taken by New York police, from the ground and in the air.