1 I would like to express my appreciation to Provost Basil Wilson and Dean James Levine for their continued support for this project, Ida Dupont for her early contributions to this and the larger project, Beth Richie for her collegial and unselfish support in nurturing this project at its earliest stages, and Jacob Marini for his support of and belief in this work. In the early part of the project Carol Deacon provided invaluable organizational skills and Karen Evanoskiís willingness to do library and clerical work as needed was very helpful. More recently, Lisa Caltabiano has provided her clerical and library skills to the project.
2 A few pieces in this section are not directly multicultural in content but they challenge traditional domestic violence theories that have tended to be from a dominant culture perspective.
3 For this group and each of the following groups, refer back to A (General/including 3 or more groups) for further references.† Also see G (Immigrant) in this regard.
4 Because the focus of this bibliography is on traditionally excluded groups, most references to literature on domestic violence in white communities is only referenced in studies comparing whites with other racial/ethnic groups. It is our assumption that, previously, whites were considered the norm in domestic violence studies. However there are cultural and structural differences among whites. This is also true for each racial/ethnic group, although the literature included here is not able to articulate the diversity within each racial/ethnic group.
5 We have included articles here because they focus specifically on particular groups of women within the "white" community. However, they may contain comparisons with women of color as well.
6 See footnote 5.
7 See footnote 5.
8 Social class is equally as important as race, gender, sexual orientation--as both social structural and cultural issues. Social class helps to determine one's life chances in the U.S. However, it is typical of U.S. research and literature to deny the key place that class differences play in our society. Thus, the categories below are very tentative because of this inattention to the importance of class generally as well as within domestic violence literature. Some of the categories here are not so much directly translatable from social class theory, but are empirical referents to domestic violence among poorer social classes. The literature is more empiricist and a historical. In addition, we also do not know very much about domestic violence in the lives of rich or middle class women either. This is due not only to the absence of reference to social class and domestic violence, but also, in part, due to their access to certain resources that may protect them in different ways than poorer women. The privilege experienced by some middle class women, who are nevertheless, brutally treated by their husbands, is discussed in Kathleen Waits' "Battered Women and their Children: Lessons from One Woman's Story." Houston Law Review, 35(1), 29-108.
9 Although we have found only a few references to Domestic Violence in the Muslim and/or Islamic communities in the U.S., recent references to violence against women in Fundamentalist Regimes in Islamic countries can be understood in terms of their impact on what is happening to Muslim women in the U.S. See here two articles from Resources for Feminist Research, 26, (3l4) : (1) Marie-Aimee, Helie-Lucas, Algerian Women at the Edge of Time: New Social Movements Stand Against Fundamentalisms (pp. 213-220) and Azza Eltigani and Mohamed Khaled, State Violence Against Women: A Current Perspective from the Sudan (pp. 221-225).Also, see Pamela Goldberg (1994).Seeing Through Women's Eyes: A Review Essay of Price of Honor--Muslim Women Lift the Veil of Silence on the Islamic World, New York Law School Journal of Human Rights, 11, 603-.
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