Library News Blog
Every syllabus I see has a section about plagiarism, with explicit warnings about the punishments plagiarists might expect should they be found out. Every syllabus also highlights citation, with instructions about which format is acceptable. But the connection between the two is couched as, “Cite your sources, or else.”
We all know plagiarism is a mortal sin in academia. I know of one college president who was forced out when it was discovered that he had copied whole cloth sections into his literature review in his Doctorate of Education at the University of Pennsylvania. An anonymous tip to a local newspaper set the scandal in motion, and reporters at the student newspaper consulted Dissertation Abstracts and found even more evidence of misappropriated work (the man had alienated just about everyone on campus anyway). His explanation: the errors must have crept in when he migrated from one citation format to another. This was someone who approved dismissing a foreign student and sending her back to her country for plagiarizing.
Professors bring their classes into the library to learn how to use our resources and how to cite sources. I point out the Citation button on our homepage, and the links to APA, MLA, and Chicago guides. I ask students which format their professor expects them to use, and then ask why it is important that they cite sources. “PLAGIARISM!” is always their answer. So, is that because your professor thinks that you all are lying, cheating, and fundamentally dishonest curs? Few students had looked at it that way.
But avoiding plagiarism is not why a writer must cite sources. The reason, I explain, is so that the reader, in this case the instructor, can follow a writer’s train of thought. The sources cited provide a trail of inquiry into the topic. I point out that the instructor is evaluating students’ thinking as well as writing, and that citations are the only evidence available. Are the conclusions justified based upon the sources consulted? Does the evidence lead to other, equally plausible answers?
Students appreciate this perspective, for it puts a positive spin on their research, rather than an assumption that they are all sinners poised to fall into the hands of an angry professor.
This should be the starting point for any discussion of citation.
Library resources make citation easy. Every database has a link for citations, as do all items in our collection. Click the cite button, and the citation is generated in APA, MLA, or Chicago (some databases offer additional options). These generated citations ought to be accepted for student work, though because they can include errors, students – and faculty – should proofread them before copying and pasting.
Students are not preparing original research for publication; they are submitting a 5-page paper for class. Have they cited their sources? Terrific. Is a comma out of place in the citation? Please.
Library citation guides: https://guides.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/c.php?g=288322&p=1922429
Posted Friday, April 3, 2020 - 10:00am
With the physical library closed, our circulating collection is inaccessible. This means that items placed on reserve are also inaccessible, putting many students in a difficult situation. Many rely on using the textbooks on reserve, scanning pages as needed. Now, unless someone had the foresight (and copyright permission) to scan an entire text, they are out of luck. Basing assignments entirely on an assigned text all but guarantees that many students will fall behind and be unable to complete assignments.
With that in mind, instructors should identify alternative readings and modify assignments accordingly. Suggesting that students summarize Chapter 7 is impossible for someone without the ($200) text. Instead, ask them about the specific content covered in the chapter, and present them with options as to where they might find similar information.
For many topics covered in a textbook, our digital reference works will do nicely. Under Databases by subject, select Encyclopedias and Dictionaries. Found there will be academic reference works, many with substantial entries. The beauty of these entries is that each provides a basic definition, examples, and usually a discussion of controversies associated with the topic.
As one example, look up “bystander effect.” Britannica Academic has a solid article. Gale eBooks has more than a half dozen: a three-page entry in the Encyclopedia of Social Psychology; a two-page entry in Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology; an entry in the Glossary of Social and Behavioral Sciences. There is also “Bystander intervention,” a five-page piece in Encyclopedia of Psychology and Mental Health and “Bystander apathy,” two pages in Encyclopedia of Street Crime in America. Sage Knowledge Collection also showed many results.
A possible assignment would be to ask students to compare the information found in two or three of these. If there is a question on an exam, point the class to these resources. In many instances, covering the material is what matters, not where it comes from.
For more assignment ideas, see the Library’s Information Literacy guide. For additional digital resources available during this remote teaching and learning period, see our Remote Resources for a Distance Learning Environment guide.
Posted Friday, April 3, 2020 - 9:59am
Larry Sullivan was appointed to the Working Group on Prison Libraries of the International Federation of Library Associations.
Kathleen Collins has a contract with the University Press of Mississippi for From Rabbit Ears to the Rabbit Hole: A Life with Television (projected publication Summer 2021). She has joined the editorial board of Bloomsbury Academic’s new book series, Podcast Studies, which will generate ten books that span the critical-practical range of podcasting.
Jeffrey Kroessler has received a contract from Fordham University Press for Sunnyside Gardens: Planning and Preservation in a Historic Garden Suburb. His commentary “Demarest be Damned” appeared in CityLand, a publication of New York Law School (Jan. 30, 2020), and the Daily News published his op-ed “What zoning is really for” (Feb. 29, 2020).
Posted Friday, April 3, 2020 - 9:55am
In 1667, Jean-Baptiste Colbert, minister to Louis XIV, appointed Gabriel Nicolas de la Reynie to the newly created position of Lieutenant General of Police in Paris. Reynie, who held his position until 1697, is considered the founder of the modern police force. At the time, Paris had installed street lights, the first in Europe to do so, and hence comes the designation of Paris as the “City of Light.” Reynie’s charge included policing the “nicer parts” of the newly lighted city. Reynie said that “Policing consists in ensuring the safety of the public and of private individuals, by protecting the city from that which causes disorder.”
Reynie also suppressed the publishing and printing of seditious and salacious or pornographic writings.
But Reynie was also an avid collector of books and manuscripts, especially those of ancient Greek and Latin authors. We have, however, found that he had some other, very different books in his collection.
The Sealy Library recently acquired Reynie’s, personal, signed, copy of the 1670 edition of De Usu Flagrorum in Re Medica et Veneria et lumborum renumque…. (A Treatise on the Use of Flogging in Medicine and Venery), originally written in 1639 by Johan Meibom and Thomas Bartholinus. The latter was a Danish physician who claimed the discovery of the lymphatic system. The book has been called the authoritative text on flagellation for two centuries. Ostensibly, Reynie obtained this copy in order to suppress its printing and dissemination because of its “salacious” content. Reynie had to do his research on suppressing literature by reading such treatises.
The 1670 edition is known in about 23 copies worldwide, but Sealy Library’s copy is unique because of its association with Reynie, the first police commissioner in Europe.
The book had a long history in the history of censorship and even led to a synonym for literary indecency. In 1723, a London bookseller and publisher, Edmund Curll, published an English edition of De Usu… to which he added other “medical treatises.” In 1724 the authorities arrested him for selling this and other titles. He spent fourteen months in prison for this crime. Importantly, earlier in 1718, Daniel Defoe, the famous 18th-century author, coined the term “Curlicism” as the selling of pornography.
Sealy Library’s acquisition of this unique association copy reflects the international breadth and depth of our research collections.
-Larry E. Sullivan
Posted Friday, April 3, 2020 - 9:55am
Our new research guide, Remote Resources for a Distance Learning Environment is a one-stop spot providing information on how to access the many and varied digital resources available to John Jay students, faculty and staff. In addition to Lloyd Sealy Library online resources, you will find links for free (temporary) access to a multitude of electronic books, textbooks, videos and more from publishers and institutions in order to help students during this COVID-19 crisis.
You will find information on where to go and how to access your library's electronic resources--digital textbooks, ebooks, journals, magazines, newspapers, videos, tutorials, ereserves and more. You will also find links to college wide student and faculty resources (technological and more) to promote success in distance learning now that we have moved fully online.
The Lloyd Sealy Library librarians are committed to helping our faculty locate remote resources in order to accomplish their teaching goals as well as helping our students succeed! You may not be able to visit our library in person, but please know that we are here for you providing reference assistance through email, chat and text. Please see the Librarians are Here! tab of this guide for more details.
Posted Tuesday, March 24, 2020 - 5:18pm
We want to highlight some of the things you can do online, away from campus, via the Library.
- Search for ebooks using OneSearch;
- Access our over 150+ databases to find sources for your assignments;
- Watch a streaming documentary or feature film
- Learn how to find and evaluate sources using:
Faculty: We have an Online Teaching Toolbox for you!
Below are more detailed updates related to specific Library departments and functions:
Fines and fees are being suspended for the duration of this health emergency. All items coming due will be renewed automatically (patrons should check their account to make certain). Physical items, including books, are not circulating; requests and holds are suspended.
Most of the library’s resources are available online. To find online ebooks, articles, videos and more use OneSearch and limit your results to Full Text Online . Alternatively, you can limit your search to one of our over 150+ databases here or learn more about our streaming documentary or feature film collections by using this link.
Interlibrary loan (ILL)
Interlibrary loan services will be limited to requests for items that can be delivered to you electronically, such as articles and book chapters (if electronic resource licensing permits ILL). Please note that at this time, several libraries are not scanning physical items such as print books, print journals and microform. We will process these requests for our patrons, but they likely cannot be filled. There may be a delay in filling requests due to staff shortages and library closures.
If you are a John Jay patron with an ILL book checked out, please do not return books at this time. We are requesting renewals for patrons; you may receive an email about your loan period being extended.
For libraries that currently have our materials, we will be providing automatic renewals.
Please email libill [at] jjay.cuny.edu if you have any questions.
Physical reserve items are unavailable while the library remains closed.
Faculty: If you are currently a user of eReserves and have been requesting that material be posted by the reserves librarian, please continue to do so by completing the online form on this page. Email questions to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please note that due to a potentially large influx of requests and shortage of staff, we will initially limit the number of posted items allowed per class. If you already use Blackboard for other teaching activities, you can upload readings there without the help of a librarian. Please consider using Blackboard instead of becoming a new user of eReserves, so that you can maintain control over when, how quickly and how many readings you can post. If you are a current user of eReserves and have your own username and password, you may email email@example.com with any questions.
How to link to library licensed resources
The library’s licensed electronic content is available from outside the college by way of our proxy server prefix address which is: http://ez.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/login?url=
If you have trouble accessing library content from off campus put this prefix BEFORE the permanent URL of any library licensed content. For example, for access to the JSTOR database, use:
When someone clicks on your hyperlink, the prefix will activate the log-in script, and the user will be asked to enter their JJ email user id and password. After that information is entered successfully, the licensed content item should appear on screen. The URL can be pasted into an email, onto your website, into facebook, twitter, etc. Test your link off-campus before sharing it!
The Special Collections has suspended all in person researcher visits while the library is closed. We are available to respond to all inquiries at firstname.lastname@example.org, and will promptly answer all questions. When it is safe for us to return to campus, we will offer expanded services to researchers, including students according to the emerging best practices for providing remote access to special collections and archival materials. These services will include on demand research, collection searching and digitization to support remote research as best we can. Please visit our Digital Collections and the Library's Primary Source databases and Research Guide to find archival and historic materials already digitally available. We are also constantly updating the John Jay College Archives COVID-19 Pandemic Response Timeline
Please continue to check the John Jay College website for further updates.
Posted Friday, March 13, 2020 - 4:05pm
The CUNY+ Catalog has provided access to finding, locating, and accessing library materials and information for close to twenty years. As with all forms of technology, the library’s Integrated Library System (ILS), will be upgrading to a new platform. Unfortunately, the CUNY+ Catalog will no longer be supported by the new update. The good news is that the new ILS will be using a familiar friend, OneSearch, to find, locate, and access library materials and information.
OneSearch was introduced to the CUNY community in 2014. OneSearch differs and exceeds the CUNY+ Catalog through its capability to search multiple platforms at the same time. By entering search terms in OneSearch, you can find many articles, books, e-books, streaming videos, digital content, and more. However, it does have its limitations, OneSearch doesn’t have access to every database John Jay subscribes to. If you are researching a specialized topic, please refer to the specialized database list, and subject research guides.
Feeling concerned, or nervous about the change? No need to worry. Here’s your brief guide to using OneSearch and links to video tutorials provided for you by the staff at the Lloyd Sealy Library.
You can begin using OneSearch from the Library Homepage by typing into the search box.
After typing in your search terms and pressing Search, or hitting Enter, you will be brought to the results page with filters and advanced search options to widen or narrow down your search.
On the right hand side of the results page, you will find a list of Filters which will assist in locating the types of information/materials you are searching for. You can filter by Resource Type (books, journal articles, newspaper articles, maps, etc.), Topics (controlled subject headings), a custom date range of publication, Language, Author, etc.
Additionally, you can use the search box located at the top of the page to try a Boolean Search.
As you can see in the picture below, Prison is now a “subject” and New York has been added for any field, and this has brought the results down from over 2 million to about 7 thousand results. Using the filters on this search will narrow down the results as well to locate a digestible amount of information/materials.
Another great function in OneSearch is the Browse option, located at the top of the page. Using this feature, you can browse by Title, Author, Subject, or Call Number. This feature is similar to the functionality of the CUNY+ Catalog, it will provide results from the physical collection.
Browsing by Call Number will provide a list of materials that are classified together.